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2020.09.22 17:55 -Primr0se- Neoliberalism and Hindutva – Fascism, Free Markets and the Restructuring of Indian Capitalism (Part: 2)

Part 1

Hindutva As a Dominant Class Project

It was in this context of general ‘prosperity’, between roughly 1985 and 1992, that the Hindutva organisations undertook an incredibly rapid mass expansion. In 1984, the Sangh Parivar was still a relatively marginal entity, riding on the dying halo of the JP movement. By 1992, it could stake a credible claim to being India’s largest organised political force (7), and the spectre of fascism was haunting the country. Such an extraordinary growth is unmatched by any other political force in independent India’s history.
In itself, this historical conjuncture should make one doubt theories that seek to explain Hindutva as a “distraction” from the “distress” of the working class. Nor is it a response to a crisis of capitalism, as is sometimes argued by analogy with theories of classical European fascism. On the face of it, the economic evidence shows neither crisis nor an absolute increase in distress among the poor or the working class. Indeed, it shows the opposite. The rise of the Sangh hence cannot be reduced to, or simply read off from, the prevailing economic circumstances.
Such an explanation however requires a shift in emphasis from analyses of Hindutva as a predominantlycultural-ideological phenomenon, which has been the most common approach taken by its opponents. Such analyses focus on the ideological aspects of “Hindu nationalism”, approaching it by asking questions regarding the appeal of such reactionary chauvinism in this political conjuncture. This helps analyse the mass appeal of Hindutva, and also provides ammunition to counter its propaganda and hate politics. But it does not necessarily completely explain the actual growth of the Sangh Parivar. The Sangh Parivar is not merely a vehicle of Hindu chauvinism – it is the most successful political organisation in India today. Its expansion has been the result of conscious political action, not merely automatic or unconscious cultural propagation. Indeed, the Parivar is an excellent example of a “totalitarian party”, in the Gramscian sense explored above. The growth of Hindutva is inseparable from the growth of the Parivar as an organisation.
From this angle, the Sangh has to be analysed as a party. It is necessary to look the manner in which the Parivar translates the dominant class interests that it projects into “universal” interests of other social sectors. This question turns also crucially on the manner in which the Sangh organises itself, for it is through such operations – as argued below – that it projects its actions as a response to social contradictions. This approach neither replaces nor negates the importance of deconstructing the hate politics of Hindutva; rather, it aims to complement it.
The Appeal of the Sangh Parivar to Dominant Class Interests
From the days of the Jan Sangh until the early 1980s, the Sangh Parivar had a relatively clearly defined mass base. The Jan Sangh, and then the BJP, was described as the “brahmin-baniya party”, with little following in rural areas and an inability to capture either the support of urban elites or the working class. Its party positions were a fairly direct reflection of the class position of its supporters, mainly members of the trading class. It favoured external protectionism and internal trade liberalisation, reflecting its members’ interests in unfettered access to domestic markets combined with restrictions on international competition. It opposed trade unions and workers’ struggles and promoted reactionary and jingoistic nationalism. In this sense it was indeed a “petty bourgeois” party in the usual sense. Outside the party, the Sangh Parivar had established most of its current front organisations by the early 1960s, but they remained small.
The Parivar underwent its first wave of post independence growth, both in membership and in stature, during the JP movement, sharing in the popular anti-Emergency sentiment. But it was only in the 1980s that it truly emerged to become a major political force among the country’s elite and big capital. Simultaneously, and primarily through the Ayodhya movement, it grew into a huge mass force.
At this time, there were some obvious benefits to capital in supporting Hindutva mobilisation. Many of these have already been discussed extensively in the literature. Ideologically, Hindutva was an antidote to the “subaltern” mobilisations of Mandal and the regional parties. It delegitimised class and caste struggle and instead promoted notions of “harmony.” It is in this sense that Corbridge and Harriss (2000) have identified Hindutva as an “elite revolt” against the other mobilisations. However, there is arguably a further element in the appeal that the Sangh Parivar enjoyed among the ruling class bloc – one which was specifically important in this time. The other movements of the time projected a politics of “communities” competing for state resources and control of the state machinery. Such politics had the effect, at the national level, of further contesting and undermining any effort at individualisation in the Indian polity. It explicitly foregrounded the notion that the polity of the country was a fractured one, built not around identical monads finding their unity in the state, but on contesting, frequently internally divided communities. In this manner it was indeed a class contestation – though a partial and contradictory one – rooted in the particular positions of petty commodity producers.
This was not a threat to Indian capital as such. As said earlier, individualisation has been a contested process throughout India’s recent history, and moreover petty commodity production – and the ideological systems associated with it – is a fundamental feature of Indian capitalism. Yet, it is arguable that the particular type of contestation witnessed in the 1980s was seen as a challenge. It was during this period, particularly the second half of the decade, that big capital in India had begun to push for opportunities to expand into new markets. The “reforms” of the mid 1980s served precisely this purpose. But, the contestation of individualisation embodied in the other movements of this decade threatened the coherence of the national state, whose active intervention was increasingly vital for such “reforms.” Indeed, these movements demanded precisely the kind of state action that capital increasingly found anathema – increased segmentation of markets, dictation of state spending by democratic politics and state interference in decisions by private capitalists. Finally, expansion by capital in this period also depended on cultural-ideological factors such as a common understanding of unified markets and commodity exchange in rural areas. This was an understanding that was lacking at the time (Rajagopal 1999), and was directly threatened by the promotion of community identities.
It is in this context that a much deeper appeal of Hindutva becomes apparent. To see this, let us examine some of the internal elements of Hindutva ideology, and in particular its approach to its own cadre and supporters. This approach is in no sense limited to merely anti-minority hate politics. Rather, it contains a very specific concept of the relationship between individual, society and state, an approach that is of particular interest in light of the prevailing political situation. Some of the key elements of this are as follows:
I have gone into these principles in some detail for two reasons. Firstly, there are strong resonances between these principles and neoliberalism, which will be discussed later. Secondly, and more importantly, there is a striking similarity between these tenets and the individualisation process that Poulantzas outlines as one of the functions of the capitalist state. Hindutva, like most authoritarian ideologies, is as much about the production of an essentialised individuality as it is about a totalising notion of the state/community. Hindutva projects a vision of individuals as a collection of monads – “good Hindus” – with nothing to distinguish the one from the other, or to connect the one to the other, except a single legitimate collectivity: the Sangh. This is explicitly a normative vision, not a descriptive one. Such a society is the ideal, and it will be the effort of the Sangh to achieve it.
In this sense, Hindutva’s understanding of the ideal society is in fact precisely the capitalist state’s vision – reified to a level that it becomes unrecognisable within the parameters of bourgeois democracy. And it was precisely at this level that the Hindutva ideological project was fundamentally opposed to the ideological bases of the other movements of the 1980s. It is arguable that Indian capital endorsed Hindutva because, as a hegemonic project, it directly sought the breaking down of the collectivities that the 1980s’ movements had made the central feature of Indian politics. Such collectivities had become an increasing obstacle to the upholding of commodity relations as the organising principle of capitalist society.
It was this that translated into the vocal elite endorsement of the Sangh Parivar as a “nationalist” organisation, one pitted against “sectional” and “vested” interests. Most striking of all was the description of the Ayodhya movement as the creator of a “modern India” (Rajagopal 2001, BJP 1991). Indeed, contrary to much of the analysis of Hindutva as a “reaction” against “modernity”, the Sangh and its cohorts have always been very clear that – in their vision – it is Hindutva itself that promotes “modernity” in India. And from the viewpoint of capital, this was correct, for it would indeed help to create that truly “modern” vision: an ideologically individualist society.
The Ayodhya Movement and Hindutva’s Mass Base
Yet, while this argument may help explain the dominant interests being expressed by the project of Hindutva, we are still left with the question of how this project became hegemonic – or, more crudely, how it succeeded in building a mass base. For that, a closer examination of the Ayodhya movement is necessary.
There is no precise data on the nature of mass participation in the Ayodhya movement, but from available information it appears that its strongest bases were in urban areas, among the urban poor, and in small towns. Urban peripheries also saw strong participation, as well as some rural areas in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. However, it does not seem to have enjoyed a strong base in most rural areas. The organised working class in many urban areas supported the movement but were not active participants or leaders. Geographically the movement was most active in Maharashtra, Gujarat and the Hindi-speaking States, though it had support elsewhere as well.
Even this vague mapping throws up an interesting hypothesis: it appears that the Ayodhya movement mobilised precisely the social sectors that did not fully participate in the other 1980s’ movements. But these sectors also included large numbers of petty commodity producers, particularly in the case of the urban poor. At this time of an increasing shift in favour of large capital, such persons were subject to the same intensifying reproduction squeeze as all other petty commodity producers. Further, they now included in their ranks the increasing numbers of those who lost formal employment as part of the first waves of liberalisation-induced deindustrialisation. At the time this was a geographically specific phenomenon, but one particularly striking example is the textile mills of Bombay and Ahmedabad – many of whose workers, at least in the case of Ahmedabad, subsequently became rabid supporters of the Sangh.
Yet, despite the fact that their circumstances were similar to those of the mass base of most of the 1980s’ movements, these social sectors lacked political formations that could represent their demands in a time of increasing insecurity. One can hypothesise that two reasons fed into this vacuum. First, no corresponding social element to the “rich farmer” groups, which played the leading role elsewhere, existed in many of these contexts. Second, the state’s role was also far more complex and indirect, particularly in urban areas. The populist articulation of a shared “community”, led by large producers but with shared demands on the state, could hence not be formed. Producers were instead fragmented, directly facing the pressures of class differentiation and proletarianisation. Moreover, as the 1980s wore on, the inability of the other 1980s’ movements to produce results for most of their members led increasingly to disillusionment even in areas where such movements were strong. It is indeed true that these social sectors faced a crisis; but it was apolitical crisis, not an economic one.
Building Mass Support
It is in this context that the Hindutva organisations undertook their mass expansion drive. Until this period, the Sangh had focused largely on cadre building and indoctrination as its main method of organisation. Such organising built a core of dedicated cadres with a large geographical reach, but could not undertake mass expansion, especially outside the caste and class lines that defined the traditional strongholds of the Parivar’s organisations.
In the early part of the decade, the organisation undertook a series of changes. In particular, the RSS chose to foreground the VHP – and, later in the decade, the BJP – as the frontline Sangh Parivar organisations. Having been “relaunched” between 1979 and 1981, the VHP began a rapid expansion around 1984 (Jaffrelot 1999). The organisation led a series of mobilisations around the conversion of Dalits to Islam in Meenakshipuram (Tamil Nadu), the Shah Bano case, and the “Ekatmata Yatras.” Mobilisation now began to revolve around temple-building, social service and the yatras, with the last becoming the primary mode of mass action. As Rajagopal (2001) puts it, “there was a shift away from sectarian view of organising, with indoctrination as its aim and daily drill as its chief method, to a far more pragmatic approach that emphasised mobilisation over indoctrination, and political effect over organisational discipline.”
These new modes of organising had a very different impact from the old. They rested on offering various “gains” that corresponded to different contradictions facing different sectors. Unlike the other 1980s’ movements, however, these “gains” were not about state support or political patronage. Instead, they were specifically geared towards concrete, immediate benefits and responses to the contradictions faced by these social sectors at the time.
Some examples are as follows. For adivasis in Madhya Pradesh – a community largely lacking in political organisation but nonetheless increasingly commoditised – the Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram offered direct access to hostels, schools, medical centres, etc. (and later became the nucleus of a more formal system of recruitment described in the last section). More than eight hundred schools were opened by the VHP in 1983 alone, mostly in tribal areas. Between 1978 to 1983, the number of full time activists in the VKA increased by six times, with most of their activities concerned with “service” (Jaffrelot 1999). Similar tactics were used with Dalits. Thus in the early 1980s, the VHP came out with a plan to build 100 temples in SC areas of Tamil Nadu (ibid.). Such temple building was to be a standard tactic throughout the decade, providing a way to channel funds into target areas and offering both employment and charity. In addition, for adivasis and Dalits specific economic contradictions with minorities were frequently exploited. One Ghaziabad riot in 1990, for instance, was triggered by the VHP essentially utilising a balmiki leader’s tensions with Muslims over land in the outskirts of the town, the area to which both had been banished by caste Hindu pressures (Basu 1996). Meanwhile, on the other side of the caste spectrum, the urban upper caste youth who formed a significant proportion of the “shock troops” of the Parivar gained both employment/financial support and the ability to implicitly target the OBC mobilisation that threatened their access to state employment (Jaffrelot 1999, Basu 1996).
In addition to these direct material gains, the Sangh movement also offered a more intangible – but arguably still material – gain by creating new public spaces that were accessible to traditionally marginalised sectors. The movement offered access to higher steps on the social hierarchy by simultaneously aiming to retain its high caste character and “respectability” while allowing entry to those earlier excluded. This strategy was applied to various social sectors. Thus Dalits were specifically wooed by the VHP in the early 1980s; many of the new temples were specifically designed as public eating spaces for cross-caste meals. Dalits were also made carriers of the “holy water” in the Ekatmata Yatras (Jaffrelot 1999), and more generally both Dalits and lower castes were allowed access to ritual spaces traditionally denied to them (Rajagopal 2001).
For women, as is attested by a large body of literature on the gender aspects of Hindutva (11), such access to new spaces and possibilities of political action was perhaps the biggest attraction of the movement. The Sangh offered a “safe” avenue of political action that permitted women, particularly women of lower middle class households, to participate in politics without facing family opposition. Moreover it sometimes even raised, in a conservative and reactionary manner, issues such as sexual harassment and pornography (Basu 2001).
Such access to space leads both to a sense of psychological empowerment and also to more immediate gains, through membership in a privileged group including economically wealthy and powerful individuals. The VHP and VKA’s networks in Madhya Pradesh, for instance, were largely funded by local wealthy traders and former royal families. This was later added to by increasing donations from urban elites and from NRI’s, who soon became a key funding source for the movement. The enormous amount of money that poured into the movement from such sources allowed them to offer both direct and indirect benefits to those who participated. Soon the VHP came to be known, in the RSS hierarchy, as the organisation aimed at the middle castes, the urban lower middle class, and similar social sectors of the kind described above.
Finally, during the latter half of this phase, access to these political spaces also meant participation in violence – and the financial, personal and psychological gains that follow on the use of violence against minority communities has been amply documented. Given the tilt of the state machinery towards the Hindutva organisations, such violence also often could be engaged in with impunity.
The Material-Ideological “Bargain”
In this sense, the movement offered both enhanced security and the prospect of social mobility. The ability to make these offers was crucially linked to the support given to the movement by capital, the state and the upper castes. None of these advantages could be offered by the other 1980s’ movements, who did not enjoy such support.
But this was an offer that came with a bargain. The gains on offer accrued not to the class or the community, but to the individual, and the person had to self-constitute themselves as an individual by abandoning all other markers of identity. As seen above, acceptance of Hindutva ideology and organisational methods brought this as its strongest implication. Thus Dalits and adivasis were explicitly or implicitly forbidden to raise issues of discrimination against their communities. The Sangh women’s organisations neither permitted nor encouraged raising of issues of women’s rights (Sarkar 2001). In the present day, teachers in the Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram’s ekal vidyalaya schools are asked to renounce any party affiliation, any caste identity and any commitment to any “sectional interest” other than that of “Bharat” (see below and Gopalakrishnan and Sreenivasa 2007 for more details). In short, supporters and – at a much more intense level – cadres of the movement were required to discard all identities except their standing as an individual, “good Hindu.”
The Commodification of Politics
Such methods of individualisation were then reinforced by wider discursive tactics of the movement itself. Rajagopal (1999) has argued that one of the key innovations of the Sangh Parivar in the 1980s was the conscious use of political marketing, the re-constitution of political action as consumption. The decision to utilise yatras as the most visible mobilisation vehicle was central to this strategy, and this was combined with the mass marketing of items like stickers, tridents, clothes and pictures. Available statistics show striking evidence of this. Jaffrelot (1999) notes how, in three days of the Ekatmata Yatra in 1983, 6,000 images of Bharat Mata and more than 70,000 bottles of “holy water” were sold. The Ram Shilanyas in 1989 was performed with the use of bricks sent by villages across the country, and involved a cash contribution of Rs. 1.25 by every individual who joined the ceremonies around the bricks. According to the VHP’s statistics, more than 83 million rupees were collected. The yatras themselves became giant symbolic exercises, advertising the chosen few symbols of the movement (Ram; the trident; the colour saffron; the bricks) in a kind of mass cultural outpouring.
Political action in India has been historically associated with charismatic leadership, or at most with traditional party membership (as in the Communist organisations). The Ayodhya movement instead promoted a kind offetishisation of such political relationships and of political action itself, converting one’s relationship with a physical object or a symbol into the essence of one’s relationship with the movement. Purchasing a sticker or a flag became a method of participating; participating in pujas for bricks and images was a mode of political mobilisation.
The use of symbols in this manner functioned synergistically with the expansion of corporate advertising and marketing into rural India, as both converged on the importance of the “brand” as a basis of action (Rajagopal 1999). The Hindutva movement explicitly tried to convert their politics into a “brand” – and endorsement of that brand through purchase, exhibition or worship constituted the act of political support for the movement. But what is a brand other than a reification of the commodity concept itself? In this way, the Ayodhya movement operated through a discourse of commoditisation of politics. Political action was integrated withconsumption.
This analysis is not meant to claim that hate politics and Hindu chauvinism were irrelevant to the Hindutva mobilisation. They were no doubt the cultural categories and political tropes that formed the substance of the ideology. But the importance of the “Hindu community” was not a result of invocation of religious identity alone. Rather, this exploration postulates that it built on a partial satisfaction of the material-ideological needs of its cadre and its base – while simultaneously converting those needs into a driving force for individualisation and the restructuring of social relations in favour of capital. This partial coordination of interests between capital and large sections of petty commodity producers then becomes a dialectical part of the sense of “identity” of those involved. Hindu “identity” was thus politically reconstructed to mean individualised support for the movement, membership in its organisations and participation in its violence. In this sense, the movement was as much about rebuilding “Hindu” society as it was about targeting minorities.

The Entry of Neoliberalism

The remainder of this paper concerns the Indian polity after the start of reforms in 1991, with the rise to total dominance of the neoliberal project in India. To evaluate the relationship between neoliberalism and Hindutva in this context, we have first to evaluate Indian neoliberalism itself, both as an economic phenomenon and as a political project.
There are in a sense two sides to Indian neoliberalism. On the one hand, the glaring triumph of neoliberal policies and their endorsement by practically all major political parties across the political spectrum indicates the strength of neoliberal ideology as a shaping force of state action in the country. This is the analysis that most of us on the left share, and it reflects the massive defeats inflicted on the left in the last two decades.
But at the same time, Indian neoliberalism has some peculiar weaknesses. One such weakness is reflected in the policy trajectory that neoliberalism has taken in India. In the first decade, the primary focus was on regulatory liberalisation, trade liberalisation, capital account liberalisation and state rollback – namely the “classical” neoliberal model followed in most nations. But such reforms, essentially aimed at strengthening the power of finance capital, ran into growing obstacles. Those that remained confined to finance and industrial spheres, such as capital account liberalisation, went ahead with relatively fewer hitches. Others that were essentially reallocation of resources within the state, such as budget cuts, also have proceeded rapidly. But those that directly affected petty commodity producers, or the small number of capitalist producers in the agricultural sector – such as food subsidies, the public procurement and distribution system, or complete import liberalisation – have been partly or completely blocked. The PDS has been converted into the “targeted PDS” and thus severely maimed, but it has not been dismantled. Similarly tariff cuts have greatly harmed agricultural producers, but they have not been as total as they were in many other parts of the world.
It is arguable that this weakness reflects the nature of Indian capitalism and the continuing relationship between Indian capital and petty commodity producers. The existence of petty commodity producers is simultaneously a requirement for and a fetter on Indian capitalism, both as a result of democratic politics and through its material relationship with capital. Indeed, the vast majority of production in India, even that in the so-called organised sector, involves some degree of involvement of petty commodity producers. In this sense, incidentally, the neoliberal emphasis on informalisation and “outsourcing” is hardly new to Indian capitalism.
Hence, neoliberalism has required a recalibration in India. This recalibration has become increasingly apparent in the last seven or eight years. In this period, the major new initiatives in Indian neoliberalism have been in the area of what David Harvey (2003) described as “accumulation by dispossession” (or “accumulation by encroachment”, to refer to Prabhat Patnaik’s (2005) slightly more accurate description of events in India). These include liberalisation of mining, the accelerated growth in infrastructure sectors, privatisation of natural resources, and the creation of Special Economic Zones. Also in this category are the brutal judiciary-driven assaults on forest dwellers, urban workers and urban petty traders/producers. As is argued by the theory of accumulation by dispossession, these initiatives are aimed at directly expropriating petty commodity producers (as well as subsistence producers, in a few contexts) rather than eliminating them through market forces. By forcibly stripping these producers of their means of production, they result in mass proletarianisation and super-accumulation for the beneficiary capitals.
Unlike the blocked “reforms”, however, such moves towards accumulation by dispossession are unlikely to lead to the elimination of most, or even a significant portion, of petty commodity producers. They still only affect a relatively small number of producers as compared to the Indian economy as a whole. Rather than an effort at destroying petty commodity production, they can more accurately be seen as the most visible vanguard of a drive for intensified extraction of surplus from the latter – a drive whose most widespread manifestation is the crisis of reproduction in agriculture. This crisis, while also accelerating proletarianisation among the poor peasantry, is impacting producers in direct proportion to the degree of their commoditisation – meaning that the so-called “middle peasantry”, who were simultaneously the most vulnerable and the most commoditised, are being hit the hardest.
Thus, whereas petty commodity production cannot be totally eliminated, it can be more intensely subjugated and made more vulnerable to intensified extraction. Under neoliberalism, Indian capitalism has proven to prefer a more shrunken, dominated space for petty commodity production than in the earlier model. This intensified extraction is in turn made possible by the shift in capital accumulation towards larger producers and the organised sector. It is in this context that the political project of neoliberalism has developed.
Indian Neoliberalism as a Political Project
The failure to implement the “typical” package of neoliberal reforms in India is only one facet of Indian neoliberalism’s weakness. The other becomes immediately apparent if we compare India to Thatcherite Britain, Reagan’s America, or the Latin American dictatorships. In India, neoliberalism is not a mass political project. No political party or organised political force (such as the army in Latin America) has adopted neoliberalism as such as a part of its ideology. To this day, with the very significant exception of Gujarat (to which we will return), no political party has won elections with anything resembling an open endorsement of neoliberal policies. Moreover, other than a generic celebration of consumption and consumption-fuelled aspirations, even popular vernacular media rarely articulates the ideological principles of neoliberalism.
Indian neoliberalism has thus largely failed to build itself into a truly hegemonic project. This is in sharp contrast to Thatcherism, for instance, which built a popular base by using neoliberal ideology to refract genuine contradictions of social democracy (Hall 1979).
In Gramsci’s terms, Indian neoliberalism lacks a “totalitarian party”; it is an ideology without an organisation, except parts of the state machinery itself.
Why this is the case is a far larger question. At an ideological level, by comparison with Thatcherism, it can be seen that the contradictions experienced by most Indians cannot be easily reduced to the formulae of state over-regulation. The continued presence of the state as both supporter and opponent of petty production prevents an easy attack on it as an external imposition. The discourses of the 1980s remain far too powerful to be swept aside, giving rise to endless laments from neoliberal ideologues about “vote bank” politics and the inability of the Indian masses to understand the wisdom of the “market.”
This political failure in turn becomes an obstacle to the subjugation of petty producers. It is clear that if Indian capital found the discourses of the 1980s’ movements a fetter on their expansion, neoliberalism does so at a far more intense level. Such politics directly opposes the blanket liberalisation, regulatory withdrawal and speculative freedom that are so central to the neoliberal project. Moreover, in the Indian context, the persistence of such politics blocks the wholesale subjugation of petty commodity producers and hinders the ability of capital to impose its will on the Indian polity. As such, if neoliberalism is to politically succeed in reshaping India’s society and polity as it wishes, it requires a stronger foundation on which to attack such politics.
Paper by Shankar Gopalakrishnan
Part 3
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2020.09.22 17:40 gmtom1 Difference between "SC 6GB Data & SMHS" and "10GB of high speed mobile hotspot data"

Difference between
I added the free voice line offer to my plan, which I understand doesn't include data service. I intend on using the line/phone for hotspot use only and will not be using data service on the phone.
What's the difference between choosing the "SC 6GB Data & SMHS" and the "10GB of high-speed mobile hotspot data"? It appears that I can choose the 10GB option only (as long as I leave nothing selected under Monthly Data Plan) and save myself $5/month (and get 4GB more!), but if choose "No Data" first, it won't let me select the 10GB option.
Is there a practical difference if all I care about is using the phone as a hotspot? I literally will not have data turned on, except for activating the hotspot. No apps installed, nothing. I probably won't even sign into Google if I'm not forced to.
Is there a pay-as-you-go data rate that I would have to worry about if I don't select a data plan option, or will the phone simply not receive data service for apps/syncing, while the hotspot will work as expected?

https://preview.redd.it/bcjhyrhkxpo51.png?width=1182&format=png&auto=webp&s=216744b469911af162725662577967aa0f386e0d
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2020.09.22 15:10 -Primr0se- On APMC reforms.

So what is the reform and what is the bigger plan?
Part A : On APMC
The idea of reforming the APMC has always been on the basis of its cartelling, and thereby preventing a fair discovery of price, as well as exploitation of farmers, by forcing them to pay below fair prices. Further the other major accusation has been of wastage, of being a major breaking point in the supply chain thereby hampering farm to fork food provisioning.
However what is essentially forgotten is the fact as to why we had APMCs in the first place. This was to allow collective bargaining, and enabling the farmer to At Least avail the set prices by the government, if not more on crops, that are considered essential for the indian economy.
Yes, APMCs were not perfect, but what they allowed was to bring a semblance of symmetry in a market that was always plagued by "less buyers" and "more sellers"(read farmers).
But does this act do anything to bring more symmetry? No. It doesn't. It pits the farmer back to the pre APMC era, where the farmer would be left at the behest of the big stockholder, and has to accept whatever prices he or she offers.
Remember, with dismantling of APMC and corporatization, the number of buyers, would be even lower, and the ability of the farmer to bargain also, lower. Why so? Coz APMC, albeit politicized functioned as decentralized markets, for the farmer to offload his stock. The APMC participants of one mandi and other man do are unrelated, allowing little room for inter APMC collusion.
However with the recent corporatization, the number of buyers, given their pan India scale can suppress the prices at the farm level.
Importantly the idea of free market negotiation doesn't work well in case of farm produce, which are perishables. Now, suppose you have to offload a truck of potatoes you cannot go around hunting a buyer, coz the potatoes will rot.
While advertising while the government says, the farmer will have the freedom to sell at any place, it doesn't tell that the farmer loses the right to collective bargaining, something that was present in APMC.
PART B : WELL, APMC HELPS ONLY A SMALL NUMBER OF FARMERS.
This again is a good grand misconception that is being peddled by news houses, who as we know are adept at crafting data these days. What is important here is to realise, that more than 80% of indias farmers are small and marginal farmers. As per agri census data, it means that these are farmers owning less than 2 hectares of land. A data, that has been making rounds is that only 25 30% availed its benefits. Nothing is further from truth than this.
Firstly, the small and marginal farmers hardly produce anything of note on their small farms. Mostly they do sharecropping or tenant farming. So, if am a big farmer with say 50 bighas of land, I put 25 bighas of land for these farmers, where I have a produce sharing agreement, like 2 packets of potatoes for every 100 packets and such. When the sharecropper sells the produce, he is selling produce that has been produced at the farm of the owner. So, its not that just these many number of farmers are availing the benefit, but eventually its also a benefit for the small and marginal farmers.
Secondly, we also need to get a grip on the % of overall produce that comes from these 25 30% farmers. We will see, that they are the main producers. While in our cozy homes we tend to make 1000s of nasty assumptions (famously, we shouldn't forget that journalist iyerval, who in his AMA on the other subreddit proclaimed that farmers should be mowed down) we shouldn't forget that these men had a big role to play in making India food sufficient, in and post the green revolution. I don't think they get the deserved amount of respect, the amount of respect that we give "self made oligarchs".
Thirdly, the idea of a protective legislation serving a few of the "weaker section" cannot be a logic to dismantle it. The logic is as wounded up as saying our labor laws serve 10% 15% of labor force. If that's the case, make laws that serve 100% of labor force, or 100% of farmers, and not throw away the 10% or 25% out of the bathtub.
PART C : Oligopolization at the consumer side.
Consider soyabeans. A nascent case of farm corporatization. (Although broken, but yet close to a corporate structure). How many "companies" do you have dominating the soyabean consumer market? Patanjali (post acquiring ruchi soya) and adanis fortune. What has that lead to? Has soyameal become an affordable protein for the indian cuisine? No. The MSP of raw soya remained at some 3880 rupees per quintal, while the soya chunks at market come at 40 45 rupees for 200 gms.
Remember, we export millions of tonnes of soyameal, wearing the "sophisticated hat of export good", while millions in our country remain protein deficient. Undernutrition plagues our country, and we see our own subreddit crying on hunger indices. Yet we do not consider this A PERVERSE INCENTIVE, coz it helps the entitled.
Now imagine the same thing happening for rice or wheat or daal.
PART D : On MSP and the eventual dismantling of NFSA and food security.
NITI ayog, a body that eats lofty packages out of taxpayer money and shamelessly lobbies for the corporates, has been pushing for years now to end MSP. A lot of people here too have supported that MSP should be removed. So YES, THE NEW BILL IS A PRELUDE TO THE END OF MSP. FOR THOSE IN DOUBT, AND THOSE READING WHATSAPP FORWARDS, YOU CAN REFER TO NITI AYOGS POLICY PAPERS ON AGRICULTURE.
So, obviously MSP comes on a number of notified crops, but do the ones preaching care to find out if they form the major share of agricultural produce in india? Yes, they form. Saying that they are 25 odd crops or whatever and CACP should be disbanded clearly ignores the fact that Indias climatic conditions and Indias historic agricultural production has always had those crops at the apex regardless.
Export quality organic crops fall under the domain of APEDA Min of commerce, so that should not be a topic of discussion here coz its not relevant.
Now, the liberal argument is that, the average farmer follows the market. Even when the market is lean and the floor prices are high, it gives the farmer the perverse incentive to go for cropping the same cropso and having similar supply regardless, leading to price crash and income collapse.
Laughably this comes with very poor evidence, coz wherein states have suspended or upended the MSP protocol we have seen that the INCOMES OF THE FARMERS HAVE FALLEN AND NOT RISEN.
This argument is very vapid on a number of grounds. First being, the MSP is a protection base. Its the price which the farmer looks up to when the prices have collapsed. Otherwise they would be left to starve and die that season. Secondly, the production of food crops and incentivization of the same has enabled india become a food sufficient country. So the enhancement of production has enabled us to have a very solid buffer stock. This is the bigger stock that enables the NFSA. Obviously the free market apologists want NFSA too to be dismantled and replaced by a cash in hand program, where you would be given 500 rupees a month and expected to buy rice at 60 rupees a kg from the market.
Further my free market friends will tell me, that most of the FCI buffers are wasted. I would say, still without them you won't be able to feed the poor. Yes, a hefty 30% of it is wasted, but that means we need to improve our storing and distribution capacity and not do away our capacity to feed the poor.
The other argument is that food crops and pulses can always be imported. Such arguments are bereft of logic, coz they are ill informed. How can anyone forget the PL 480 scheme fiasco, and getting bullied by the USA that led to green revolution?
PART E : On contract farming
The present law comes with an addendum of the model contract farming law, which the centre has been pushing on the states forcibly, by virtue of contract farming being under concurrent list.
It has been portrayed by the big business and big newspapers as one that will eventually do away the poverty of the small and marginal farmers, coz it transfers the burden of seed liability to the corporate. Further it says, that the contractor is bound to buy the pre contracted produce.
Fine and dandy, but again the bill with its disturbing provisions catches the naive "reader" off guard. It provides for a tribunal system for disposal of cases. It neither enforces any penalty. Nor it prefixes any liability on the contractor for failing to uphold the contract. So, the farmer, even if he is exploited, he is expected to do tarikh or tarikh at the tribunal first. (On indian judiciary and its pendency of cases, the number of cases pending at the lower courts and tribunals might take over 100 years to be disposed). The corporate if it doesn't get a favorable decision can easily go and file a case in HC and even to SC. Can the farmer carry on till then? Prolly no. In other words, while the model contract farming law comes with big words, IT HAS NO PROVISION TO ENFORCE THE HONORING OF CONTRACT BY THE CORPORATE. It also has minimum role of the gram sabha and consultative imposition.
FURTHER, ONE SHOULD ALWAYS LOOK UP THE LAYS FC5 CASE THAT HAPPENED LAST YEAR, AND THE SUBSEQUENT OUTRAGE. FARMERS BEING HARASSED BY CORPORATES UNDER MULTIFARIOUS RULES IS ONLY GOING TO BE THAT MUCH COMMONPLACE.
The nefarious designs of the agenda artists/ spokespersons of big businesses is very clear. It is to bring about a regime of corporate farming, where the farmer is slowly weaned away from the ownership rights of the farms. This will only happen eventually, as the already rack rented peasant will be kicked out of his rights over produce and even when he will have rights, he will be left at the mercy of corporate price fixation.
PART F : On ECA (essential commodity act)
The general cause celebre behind its removal has been to allow food processing industries (most of which are laughably run by the same corporate houses) maintain stockholding for exports and food processing. What people forget, due to poor reading of history, is why we had ECA in the first place. It was to prevent BLACK MARKETING AND ARTIFICIAL PRICE RISES BY GRAIN HOARDERS. With removal of apmcs and corporates having no "upper limit" to stockpiling they can easily distort markets with ease.
So what is the solution?
Well, couldn't APMCs be digitalized? Couldn't the licenses of operation be open across the state? Couldn't e-NAM allow nation wide price discovery? Should we have let our agri markets be oligopolized and throw the farmers into this jeopardy? Should we have thrown food security into jeopardy?
No, probably no. But then we know that the slight of the hand of the government will kill the poor farmer, and the farmer will be engrossed in TV debates about SSR, funded by the same oligarchs who stole his rights to fair compensation.
submitted by -Primr0se- to librandu [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 12:51 dumpspdf2020 SCS-C01 Exam PDF - Valid and updated SCS-C01 Dumps

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2020.09.22 11:49 HakimZiyech10 A general opinion on the farm bills and the exploitation of the farmer.

So what is the reform and what is the bigger plan?
Part A : On APMC
The idea of reforming the APMC has always been on the basis of its cartelling, and thereby preventing a fair discovery of price, as well as exploitation of farmers, by forcing them to pay below fair prices. Further the other major accusation has been of wastage, of being a major breaking point in the supply chain thereby hampering farm to fork food provisioning.
However what is essentially forgotten is the fact as to why we had APMCs in the first place. This was to allow collective bargaining, and enabling the farmer to At Least avail the set prices by the government, if not more on crops, that are considered essential for the indian economy.
Yes, APMCs were not perfect, but what they allowed was to bring a semblance of symmetry in a market that was always plagued by "less buyers" and "more sellers"(read farmers).
But does this act do anything to bring more symmetry? No. It doesn't. It pits the farmer back to the pre APMC era, where the farmer would be left at the behest of the big stockholder, and has to accept whatever prices he or she offers.
Remember, with dismantling of APMC and corporatization, the number of buyers, would be even lower, and the ability of the farmer to bargain also, lower. Why so? Coz APMC, albeit politicized functioned as decentralized markets, for the farmer to offload his stock. The APMC participants of one mandi and other man do are unrelated, allowing little room for inter APMC collusion.
However with the recent corporatization, the number of buyers, given their pan India scale can suppress the prices at the farm level.
Importantly the idea of free market negotiation doesn't work well in case of farm produce, which are perishables. Now, suppose you have to offload a truck of potatoes you cannot go around hunting a buyer, coz the potatoes will rot.
While advertising while the government says, the farmer will have the freedom to sell at any place, it doesn't tell that the farmer loses the right to collective bargaining, something that was present in APMC.
PART B : WELL, APMC HELPS ONLY A SMALL NUMBER OF FARMERS.
This again is a good grand misconception that is being peddled by news houses, who as we know are adept at crafting data these days. What is important here is to realise, that more than 80% of indias farmers are small and marginal farmers. As per agri census data, it means that these are farmers owning less than 2 hectares of land. A data, that has been making rounds is that only 25 30% availed its benefits. Nothing is further from truth than this.
Firstly, the small and marginal farmers hardly produce anything of note on their small farms. Mostly they do sharecropping or tenant farming. So, if am a big farmer with say 50 bighas of land, I put 25 bighas of land for these farmers, where I have a produce sharing agreement, like 2 packets of potatoes for every 100 packets and such. When the sharecropper sells the produce, he is selling produce that has been produced at the farm of the owner. So, its not that just these many number of farmers are availing the benefit, but eventually its also a benefit for the small and marginal farmers.
Secondly, we also need to get a grip on the % of overall produce that comes from these 25 30% farmers. We will see, that they are the main producers. While in our cozy homes we tend to make 1000s of nasty assumptions (famously, we shouldn't forget that journalist iyerval, who in his AMA on the other subreddit proclaimed that farmers should be mowed down) we shouldn't forget that these men had a big role to play in making India food sufficient, in and post the green revolution. I don't think they get the deserved amount of respect, the amount of respect that we give "self made oligarchs".
Thirdly, the idea of a protective legislation serving a few of the "weaker section" cannot be a logic to dismantle it. The logic is as wounded up as saying our labor laws serve 10% 15% of labor force. If that's the case, make laws that serve 100% of labor force, or 100% of farmers, and not throw away the 10% or 25% out of the bathtub.
PART C : Oligopolization at the consumer side.
Consider soyabeans. A nascent case of farm corporatization. (Although broken, but yet close to a corporate structure). How many "companies" do you have dominating the soyabean consumer market? Patanjali (post acquiring ruchi soya) and adanis fortune. What has that lead to? Has soyameal become an affordable protein for the indian cuisine? No. The MSP of raw soya remained at some 3880 rupees per quintal, while the soya chunks at market come at 40 45 rupees for 200 gms.
Remember, we export millions of tonnes of soyameal, wearing the "sophisticated hat of export good", while millions in our country remain protein deficient. Undernutrition plagues our country, and we see our own subreddit crying on hunger indices. Yet we do not consider this A PERVERSE INCENTIVE, coz it helps the entitled.
Now imagine the same thing happening for rice or wheat or daal.
PART D : On MSP and the eventual dismantling of NFSA and food security.
NITI ayog, a body that eats lofty packages out of taxpayer money and shamelessly lobbies for the corporates, has been pushing for years now to end MSP. A lot of people here too have supported that MSP should be removed. So YES, THE NEW BILL IS A PRELUDE TO THE END OF MSP. FOR THOSE IN DOUBT, AND THOSE READING WHATSAPP FORWARDS, YOU CAN REFER TO NITI AYOGS POLICY PAPERS ON AGRICULTURE.
So, obviously MSP comes on a number of notified crops, but do the ones preaching care to find out if they form the major share of agricultural produce in india? Yes, they form. Saying that they are 25 odd crops or whatever and CACP should be disbanded clearly ignores the fact that Indias climatic conditions and Indias historic agricultural production has always had those crops at the apex regardless.
Export quality organic crops fall under the domain of APEDA Min of commerce, so that should not be a topic of discussion here coz its not relevant.
Now, the liberal argument is that, the average farmer follows the market. Even when the market is lean and the floor prices are high, it gives the farmer the perverse incentive to go for cropping the same cropso and having similar supply regardless, leading to price crash and income collapse.
Laughably this comes with very poor evidence, coz wherein states have suspended or upended the MSP protocol we have seen that the INCOMES OF THE FARMERS HAVE FALLEN AND NOT RISEN.
This argument is very vapid on a number of grounds. First being, the MSP is a protection base. Its the price which the farmer looks up to when the prices have collapsed. Otherwise they would be left to starve and die that season. Secondly, the production of food crops and incentivization of the same has enabled india become a food sufficient country. So the enhancement of production has enabled us to have a very solid buffer stock. This is the bigger stock that enables the NFSA. Obviously the free market apologists want NFSA too to be dismantled and replaced by a cash in hand program, where you would be given 500 rupees a month and expected to buy rice at 60 rupees a kg from the market.
Further my free market friends will tell me, that most of the FCI buffers are wasted. I would say, still without them you won't be able to feed the poor. Yes, a hefty 30% of it is wasted, but that means we need to improve our storing and distribution capacity and not do away our capacity to feed the poor.
The other argument is that food crops and pulses can always be imported. Such arguments are bereft of logic, coz they are ill informed. How can anyone forget the PL 480 scheme fiasco, and getting bullied by the USA that led to green revolution?
PART E : On contract farming
The present law comes with an addendum of the model contract farming law, which the centre has been pushing on the states forcibly, by virtue of contract farming being under concurrent list.
It has been portrayed by the big business and big newspapers as one that will eventually do away the poverty of the small and marginal farmers, coz it transfers the burden of seed liability to the corporate. Further it says, that the contractor is bound to buy the pre contracted produce.
Fine and dandy, but again the bill with its disturbing provisions catches the naive "reader" off guard. It provides for a tribunal system for disposal of cases. It neither enforces any penalty. Nor it prefixes any liability on the contractor for failing to uphold the contract. So, the farmer, even if he is exploited, he is expected to do tarikh or tarikh at the tribunal first. (On indian judiciary and its pendency of cases, the number of cases pending at the lower courts and tribunals might take over 100 years to be disposed). The corporate if it doesn't get a favorable decision can easily go and file a case in HC and even to SC. Can the farmer carry on till then? Prolly no. In other words, while the model contract farming law comes with big words, IT HAS NO PROVISION TO ENFORCE THE HONORING OF CONTRACT BY THE CORPORATE. It also has minimum role of the gram sabha and consultative imposition.
FURTHER, ONE SHOULD ALWAYS LOOK UP THE LAYS FC5 CASE THAT HAPPENED LAST YEAR, AND THE SUBSEQUENT OUTRAGE. FARMERS BEING HARASSED BY CORPORATES UNDER MULTIFARIOUS RULES IS ONLY GOING TO BE THAT MUCH COMMONPLACE.
The nefarious designs of the agenda artists/ spokespersons of big businesses is very clear. It is to bring about a regime of corporate farming, where the farmer is slowly weaned away from the ownership rights of the farms. This will only happen eventually, as the already rack rented peasant will be kicked out of his rights over produce and even when he will have rights, he will be left at the mercy of corporate price fixation.
PART F : On ECA (essential commodity act)
The general cause celebre behind its removal has been to allow food processing industries (most of which are laughably run by the same corporate houses) maintain stockholding for exports and food processing. What people forget, due to poor reading of history, is why we had ECA in the first place. It was to prevent BLACK MARKETING AND ARTIFICIAL PRICE RISES BY GRAIN HOARDERS. With removal of apmcs and corporates having no "upper limit" to stockpiling they can easily distort markets with ease.
So what is the solution?
Well, couldn't APMCs be digitalized? Couldn't the licenses of operation be open across the state? Couldn't e-NAM allow nation wide price discovery? Should we have let our agri markets be oligopolized and throw the farmers into this jeopardy? Should we have thrown food security into jeopardy?
No, probably no. But then we know that the slight of the hand of the government will kill the poor farmer, and the farmer will be engrossed in TV debates about SSR, funded by the same oligarchs who stole his rights to fair compensation.
NB - AYN RAND SYMAPTHIZERS, SOCIAL DARWINISTS AND TRICKLE DOWN APOLOGISTS CAN SIMPLY DOWNVOTE AND LEAVE. IT WOULD BE BETTER IF THEY SPARE THEMSELVES THE PAIN OF HAVING TO GO THROUGH THIS, AND SPARE ME FROM HAVING TO READ THEIR BRAIN MELTING TAKES IN COMMENTS. PLEASE OBLIGE
submitted by HakimZiyech10 to india [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 02:22 dshamz_ Definitive Trails Series Playthrough List (English patched) for Vita? + some other questions!

Hi! I have a hacked Vita, and I'm wanting to start into the Trails series and play through them in order.
However, I'm a bit confused about all the possible ways to play them (mainly the pre-Cold Steel games). I know the basics - that the best way to play is generally the Vita 'Evolution' versions where available, with English patches.
But there are a lot of different versions of the games on offer here.
I'll list what I see (excepting a few that are less relevant, mainly the first three Trails in the Sky entries for PSP, which from everything I've read are outclassed by the Vita 'Evolution' remasters):
VITA
PSP
Okay, that's a lot (sorry!). From what I've read, the 'best' (I'm sure there are some different opinions on this, but this is what I've gleaned from reading other threads) way to play through the series is as follows:
Even if this is correct, there are a few question marks:
  1. Save data - will it transfer between JPN and USA versions? (Is this even relevant in the case of transition to the Cold Steel series?)
  2. I've seen that some prefer the PSP Zero and Ao games over the Vita - is there any legitimacy to this or does it come down to person preference?
  3. The ASA and JPN versions of the games seem idential, the only difference being that the series name is in English in the former and Japanese in the latter (i.e. 'The Legend of Heroes' in the former, (Eiyuu Densentsu' in the latter). Does the difference between these two versions matter? Can you only English patch the JPN version and not the ASA one?
Apologies for the overly-long lists of things, I'm just trying to make sure I get everything right the first time so I don't have to re-download lol
Thank you!
submitted by dshamz_ to Falcom [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 02:19 HakimZiyech10 On APMC reforms.

So what is the reform and what is the bigger plan?
Part A : On APMC
The idea of reforming the APMC has always been on the basis of its cartelling, and thereby preventing a fair discovery of price, as well as exploitation of farmers, by forcing them to pay below fair prices. Further the other major accusation has been of wastage, of being a major breaking point in the supply chain thereby hampering farm to fork food provisioning.
However what is essentially forgotten is the fact as to why we had APMCs in the first place. This was to allow collective bargaining, and enabling the farmer to At Least avail the set prices by the government, if not more on crops, that are considered essential for the indian economy.
Yes, APMCs were not perfect, but what they allowed was to bring a semblance of symmetry in a market that was always plagued by "less buyers" and "more sellers"(read farmers).
But does this act do anything to bring more symmetry? No. It doesn't. It pits the farmer back to the pre APMC era, where the farmer would be left at the behest of the big stockholder, and has to accept whatever prices he or she offers.
Remember, with dismantling of APMC and corporatization, the number of buyers, would be even lower, and the ability of the farmer to bargain also, lower. Why so? Coz APMC, albeit politicized functioned as decentralized markets, for the farmer to offload his stock. The APMC participants of one mandi and other man do are unrelated, allowing little room for inter APMC collusion.
However with the recent corporatization, the number of buyers, given their pan India scale can suppress the prices at the farm level.
Importantly the idea of free market negotiation doesn't work well in case of farm produce, which are perishables. Now, suppose you have to offload a truck of potatoes you cannot go around hunting a buyer, coz the potatoes will rot.
While advertising while the government says, the farmer will have the freedom to sell at any place, it doesn't tell that the farmer loses the right to collective bargaining, something that was present in APMC.
PART B : WELL, APMC HELPS ONLY A SMALL NUMBER OF FARMERS.
This again is a good grand misconception that is being peddled by news houses, who as we know are adept at crafting data these days. What is important here is to realise, that more than 80% of indias farmers are small and marginal farmers. As per agri census data, it means that these are farmers owning less than 2 hectares of land. A data, that has been making rounds is that only 25 30% availed its benefits. Nothing is further from truth than this.
Firstly, the small and marginal farmers hardly produce anything of note on their small farms. Mostly they do sharecropping or tenant farming. So, if am a big farmer with say 50 bighas of land, I put 25 bighas of land for these farmers, where I have a produce sharing agreement, like 2 packets of potatoes for every 100 packets and such. When the sharecropper sells the produce, he is selling produce that has been produced at the farm of the owner. So, its not that just these many number of farmers are availing the benefit, but eventually its also a benefit for the small and marginal farmers.
Secondly, we also need to get a grip on the % of overall produce that comes from these 25 30% farmers. We will see, that they are the main producers. While in our cozy homes we tend to make 1000s of nasty assumptions (famously, we shouldn't forget that journalist iyerval, who in his AMA on the other subreddit proclaimed that farmers should be mowed down) we shouldn't forget that these men had a big role to play in making India food sufficient, in and post the green revolution. I don't think they get the deserved amount of respect, the amount of respect that we give "self made oligarchs".
Thirdly, the idea of a protective legislation serving a few of the "weaker section" cannot be a logic to dismantle it. The logic is as wounded up as saying our labor laws serve 10% 15% of labor force. If that's the case, make laws that serve 100% of labor force, or 100% of farmers, and not throw away the 10% or 25% out of the bathtub.
PART C : Oligopolization at the consumer side.
Consider soyabeans. A nascent case of farm corporatization. (Although broken, but yet close to a corporate structure). How many "companies" do you have dominating the soyabean consumer market? Patanjali (post acquiring ruchi soya) and adanis fortune. What has that lead to? Has soyameal become an affordable protein for the indian cuisine? No. The MSP of raw soya remained at some 3880 rupees per quintal, while the soya chunks at market come at 40 45 rupees for 200 gms.
Remember, we export millions of tonnes of soyameal, wearing the "sophisticated hat of export good", while millions in our country remain protein deficient. Undernutrition plagues our country, and we see our own subreddit crying on hunger indices. Yet we do not consider this A PERVERSE INCENTIVE, coz it helps the entitled.
Now imagine the same thing happening for rice or wheat or daal.
PART D : On MSP and the eventual dismantling of NFSA and food security.
NITI ayog, a body that eats lofty packages out of taxpayer money and shamelessly lobbies for the corporates, has been pushing for years now to end MSP. A lot of people here too have supported that MSP should be removed. So YES, THE NEW BILL IS A PRELUDE TO THE END OF MSP. FOR THOSE IN DOUBT, AND THOSE READING WHATSAPP FORWARDS, YOU CAN REFER TO NITI AYOGS POLICY PAPERS ON AGRICULTURE.
So, obviously MSP comes on a number of notified crops, but do the ones preaching care to find out if they form the major share of agricultural produce in india? Yes, they form. Saying that they are 25 odd crops or whatever and CACP should be disbanded clearly ignores the fact that Indias climatic conditions and Indias historic agricultural production has always had those crops at the apex regardless.
Export quality organic crops fall under the domain of APEDA Min of commerce, so that should not be a topic of discussion here coz its not relevant.
Now, the liberal argument is that, the average farmer follows the market. Even when the market is lean and the floor prices are high, it gives the farmer the perverse incentive to go for cropping the same cropso and having similar supply regardless, leading to price crash and income collapse.
Laughably this comes with very poor evidence, coz wherein states have suspended or upended the MSP protocol we have seen that the INCOMES OF THE FARMERS HAVE FALLEN AND NOT RISEN.
This argument is very vapid on a number of grounds. First being, the MSP is a protection base. Its the price which the farmer looks up to when the prices have collapsed. Otherwise they would be left to starve and die that season. Secondly, the production of food crops and incentivization of the same has enabled india become a food sufficient country. So the enhancement of production has enabled us to have a very solid buffer stock. This is the bigger stock that enables the NFSA. Obviously the free market apologists want NFSA too to be dismantled and replaced by a cash in hand program, where you would be given 500 rupees a month and expected to buy rice at 60 rupees a kg from the market.
Further my free market friends will tell me, that most of the FCI buffers are wasted. I would say, still without them you won't be able to feed the poor. Yes, a hefty 30% of it is wasted, but that means we need to improve our storing and distribution capacity and not do away our capacity to feed the poor.
The other argument is that food crops and pulses can always be imported. Such arguments are bereft of logic, coz they are ill informed. How can anyone forget the PL 480 scheme fiasco, and getting bullied by the USA that led to green revolution?
PART E : On contract farming
The present law comes with an addendum of the model contract farming law, which the centre has been pushing on the states forcibly, by virtue of contract farming being under concurrent list.
It has been portrayed by the big business and big newspapers as one that will eventually do away the poverty of the small and marginal farmers, coz it transfers the burden of seed liability to the corporate. Further it says, that the contractor is bound to buy the pre contracted produce.
Fine and dandy, but again the bill with its disturbing provisions catches the naive "reader" off guard. It provides for a tribunal system for disposal of cases. It neither enforces any penalty. Nor it prefixes any liability on the contractor for failing to uphold the contract. So, the farmer, even if he is exploited, he is expected to do tarikh or tarikh at the tribunal first. (On indian judiciary and its pendency of cases, the number of cases pending at the lower courts and tribunals might take over 100 years to be disposed). The corporate if it doesn't get a favorable decision can easily go and file a case in HC and even to SC. Can the farmer carry on till then? Prolly no. In other words, while the model contract farming law comes with big words, IT HAS NO PROVISION TO ENFORCE THE HONORING OF CONTRACT BY THE CORPORATE. It also has minimum role of the gram sabha and consultative imposition.
FURTHER, ONE SHOULD ALWAYS LOOK UP THE LAYS FC5 CASE THAT HAPPENED LAST YEAR, AND THE SUBSEQUENT OUTRAGE. FARMERS BEING HARASSED BY CORPORATES UNDER MULTIFARIOUS RULES IS ONLY GOING TO BE THAT MUCH COMMONPLACE.
The nefarious designs of the agenda artists/ spokespersons of big businesses is very clear. It is to bring about a regime of corporate farming, where the farmer is slowly weaned away from the ownership rights of the farms. This will only happen eventually, as the already rack rented peasant will be kicked out of his rights over produce and even when he will have rights, he will be left at the mercy of corporate price fixation.
PART F : On ECA (essential commodity act)
The general cause celebre behind its removal has been to allow food processing industries (most of which are laughably run by the same corporate houses) maintain stockholding for exports and food processing. What people forget, due to poor reading of history, is why we had ECA in the first place. It was to prevent BLACK MARKETING AND ARTIFICIAL PRICE RISES BY GRAIN HOARDERS. With removal of apmcs and corporates having no "upper limit" to stockpiling they can easily distort markets with ease.
So what is the solution?
Well, couldn't APMCs be digitalized? Couldn't the licenses of operation be open across the state? Couldn't e-NAM allow nation wide price discovery? Should we have let our agri markets be oligopolized and throw the farmers into this jeopardy? Should we have thrown food security into jeopardy?
No, probably no. But then we know that the slight of the hand of the government will kill the poor farmer, and the farmer will be engrossed in TV debates about SSR, funded by the same oligarchs who stole his rights to fair compensation.
submitted by HakimZiyech10 to leftlibrandu [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 02:07 adami_is_adami Blightpus and the Fair Lady, a very brief lore segment

This is post was made from a very short document I wrote a few months back, when I started doing an expansive research on Dark Souls lore. I can now say with confidence that one could decypher creature designs on a chemical level, and understand the phenomena present in the Dark Souls trilogy of games with much more depth than previously thought. This was the first written segment of my thesis, and so it has very little info regarding the core of what I want to achieve with this project. I plan on doing a series of video-documentaries further on.
It's my first time posting like this on Reddit, so the formating is bad. I'm sorry.
This document was originally written on 28/05/2020.

Introduction:

"The other bell is back down below the Undead Burg, within the plague-infested Blighttown." -Crestfallen Knight dialogue
Blighttown is a small settlement located directly below the Depths. The bottom part of the area is a giant swamp. In order to understand Blighttown and why it is so terribly impure and poisonous we have to first take a quick look at the Depths:
"In any community, a few bad apples are sure to exhibit insatiable greed. If they were turned Undead, and banished to the Depths, would they reconsider their ways?" -Sewer Chamber Key item description
To put it bluntly, the Depths is a big sewer that's probably connected to a big portion of Lordran. But it's not only garbage that's thrown there. The key's description heavily implies that "greedy" undead are banished to the Depths as a punishment. I personally believe the 'greed' mention could be very important, and I'll elaborate on another document. In suma, I think 'greed' refers to the act of killing others for the purpose of absorbing their souls and also to cannibalism, performed by those who "were turned undead".
How is this related to Blighttown? Simple. Blighttown is where all of the sickening water, organic residues and corpses fall into, so one can imagine the amount of impurity that is present on that swamp.
"As its name suggests, Blighttown is a place of great pestilence. Even the polluted inhabitants of the Depths are aware of its dangers, and built this mighty door in hopes that they could remain safely separated." -Blighttown Key item description
Well, you probably knew most of that already. If you look under the surface, though, there's much more to uncover.

Blightpus, the Fair Lady and her servants

"Worse than Undead, we are diseased, and unwanted. Like the grime of the Great Swamp. But my dear, Fair Lady! She cried for me… And swallowed the great Blightpus, despite Mistress Quelaag's orders to the contrary" -Eingyi dialogue
So what exactly is the great Blightpus? It's obvious that the swamp's water is still impure, since it afflicts poison, but is that the great Blightpus? I don't think so. First off, we are told that the Fair Lady swallowed it. That damaged her so much that it's implied she needed to become a Firekeeper, and is still in need of Humanity for her survival. That's what we can offer her when we enter her covenant, and that's what Kirk and most notably Quelaag are risking their lives to grant her.

"Soul of a Daughter of Chaos, Fire Keeper of Quelaag's Domain.
A Fire Keeper's soul is a draw for humanity, and held within their bosoms, below just a thin layer of skin, are swarms of humanity that writhe and squirm.
To her, the countless eggs which appeared were cradles for each tiny humanity." - Fire Keeper Soul (Daughter of Chaos) item description

"Soul of a long-lost Fire Keeper.
Each Fire Keeper is a corporeal manifestation of her bonfire, and a draw for the humanity which is offered to her. Her soul is gnawed by infinite humanity, and can boost the power of precious Estus Flasks." - Fire Keeper Soul (Generic) item description

"Sister… It hurts… the eggs have gone still… I fear it may be too late… I'm so sorry, dear sister." - Daughter of Chaos dialogue

With that said, do we even get to see someone that's actually infected by Blightpus? Yes, but not in Blighttown.
Blightpus Slime
(This specific screenshot wasn't taken by me. I take no credit for it.)
These "slimes" are found only in the Depths. There’s not much information on them besides the visuals and their meticulous placement in Lordran. They look like a liquified mess of residues and melted, inflamed looking flesh. They are the only enemies in DS1 we can visually identify as being made of some form of Pus.
Quoting "https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pus":
"Definition of pus
a thick, opaque, usually yellowish-white, fluid matter that is formed as part of an inflammatory response typically associated with an infection and is composed of exudate chiefly containing dead white blood cells (such as neutrophils), tissue debris, and pathogenic microorganisms (such as bacteria)"
Hence, one could describe them as being a literal giant condensed mess of pus. Now, since Blighttown is where all of the impurity from the Depths goes into, why are they not featured in Blighttown? First of all, I think they are indeed the personification of Blightpus. Furthermore, the fact that they are exclusively found in the Depths and not in Blighttown hints at them having climbed all the way up through Blighttown and managed to reach the sewers before the Fair Lady fled the ruins and swallowed the disease. Most of the ones that were infected beforehand and then got healed by the Fair Lady could've been turned into the Egg Servants, letting themselves transform into demons via deliberate parasitic infection as to demonstrate devotion to their saviour.
"The egg-bearers have chosen to serve the Flame of Chaos, and the eggs symbolize this selfless choice." -Egg Vermifuge item description
I could also stretch that to claim that most Blighttown residents are aggressive towards you for that same reason. For example, take the infested barbarians, who look to be in direct guard of both entrances/exits to the swamp and also of Quelaag's Domains' entrance. All enemies there seem to work together: the ghouls and barbarians compose the frontlines while the blowdart snipers attack you from ranged, safer spots protected by them. Moreover, even the fire-breathing dogs might've been trained in order to help stop invaders from trespassing the area, similarly to the zombie dogs domesticated by the Capra Demon we find in Lower Undead Burg. That's guerrilla warfare level of strategizing and cooperation for a couple of supposedly common hollowed undead to practice. Also, this is probably one of the most organized and intelligent group of enemies in this game.
(Just a quick note: for those of you who are familiar with Demon's Souls, this all must've sounded familiar, right?)
That’s not all, however. Although slimes are the most literal example of Blightpus we find in the game, there's also another creature who may be afflicted with the condition.

Further in-game references

The Gaping Dragon

"This axe, one of the rare dragon weapons, is formed by the tail of the Gaping Dragon, a distant, deformed descendant of the everlasting dragons." - Dragon King Greataxe item description
When first entering Gaping Dragon's arena, the cutscene that plays shows us that he's climbing the sewers, similarly to the Blightpus slimes. Interestingly, his body is nothing like a regular Archdragon’s. As the Dragon King Greataxe's item description states, he's deformed. In fact, the four wings are still there, but the rest of his form is a hideous mess, topping it off with a giant gaping mouth which opens from his underbody and reveals itself to be filled with sharp teeth-like bones.
While I don't think that was caused directly by the Blightpus, with a bit of examining we can realise that he may be suffering from it. During his encounter, he can vomit a pool of what might be Blightpus.

"Blightpus Vomiting"
(Remastered edition screenshot, PC, vanilla)

If you look closely at the liquid he's vomiting, it looks eerily similar to the Blightpus slimes. I'd theorize he probably tried to flee from Blighttown, like the slimes, after getting infected. He may have gotten infected after eating some of the Blightpus afflicted undead. All things considered, even if he's not properly affected (or even infected) by the same Blightpus as the undead are, he's at least rejecting what he ate.
Some more visual information:
A Blightpus Infested Slime
(PTDE, PC, vanilla)
A closer shot of the Blightpus vomiting
(PTDE, PC, vanilla)
Pus on the wall beside the Depths' bonfire
(PTDE, PC, vanilla)

This is it for this segment, thank you for reading! I hope you can excuse my poor understanding of english.
If you're interested in contacting me, you can send me a message on Twitter. My account
Before i go, i also want to thank the Dark Souls wikidot' staff for their work on compiling dialogue and text, and also the Archstones community for their GDrive collection of Dark Souls data.
submitted by adami_is_adami to darksouls [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 00:22 Alliejacobsen21 Visual Basics Coding

3. Fat Percentage Calculator (Visual Basic)?
Create an application that allows the user to enter the number of calories and fat grams in food. The application should display the percentage of the calories that come from fat. If the calories from fat are less than 30% of the total calories of the food, it should also display a message indicating the food is low in fat.
(Display the message in alabel or a message box.) The application’s form should appear similar to the one
shown in Figure 4-35.
The percentage of calories from fat can be calculated as:
Percentage of calories from fat = Calories from fat / total calories
Input validation: Make sure the number of calories and fat grams are numeric and are
not less than 0. Also, the number of calories from fat cannot be greater than the total
number of calories. If that happens, display an error message indicating that either the calories or fat grams were incorrectly entered.
Use the following test data to determine if the application is calculating properly
200 calories, 8 fat grams Percentage of calories from fat: 36%
150 calories, 2 fat grams Percentage of calories from fat: 12% (a low-fat food)
500 calories, 30 fat grams Percentage of calories from fat: 54%
(Refer to picture for better visual of the question)
How do I code this?
I'm naming:
- text input box for calories: txtAmountCalories
- text input box for fat grams: txtAmountFat
- label box for the result: lblResult
- And the buttons: btnCalculate, btnClear and btnExit
submitted by Alliejacobsen21 to visualbasic [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 20:08 victoroshi99 Elrond Weekly Tech Update is here! (14/09 - 20/09)

Elrond Weekly Tech Update is here! (14/09 - 20/09)
Elrond is the internet scale blockchain, and it's live! The recent public testnet upgrade paves the way for several features to be activated on the mainnet. Get ahead of the curve and delve into the unique capabilities of @ElrondNetwork Weekly #elrondtech

https://preview.redd.it/bo0reyl8kjo51.png?width=1199&format=png&auto=webp&s=bb37544dc93018798f0f8634b1f8d76fd0affbb0
1/ The first mainnet upgrade will activate stake, unstake & waiting list functionality, enabling validators to leave the network & others to replace them, without any impact on the network - an important first step towards decentralization.
2/ Started working with the Rosetta specification to build the necessary tools for easily integrating the Elrond mainnet with supporting exchanges & platforms. This will reduce our integration efforts and accelerate growth.
3/ Smart Contracts can now read from other SCs without actually executing a Read function, making cross-SC data usable at much lower costs. Royalties are now fairly distributed to the different SC authors when SCs call one another.
4/ Other notable achievements: - Tested the stake-unstake-jail-unjail flow scenarios for the newly added improvements in the system smart contracts - Testnet version T1.1.1.0 preparation - Tested double signers notifier functionality in mainnet
5/ - Replayed mainnet blockchain & analyzed logs to determine the situations that led to some forks/missed blocks - Implemented a mechanism which limits the number of the same consensus messages type which could be received/accepted in one round from the same public key
6/ - Prepared the next steps on SC calling another SC cross-shard, letting multiple cross-shard contract calls even for the same address - Improved the Ledger app to display the data field upon signing the TX - Added Ledger support for multiple accounts from the same seed
7/ - Made the new improvements on staking, unstaking, jailing, unjailing backward compatible - New view function for the staking smart contract to get out all the data from the waiting list, reward address & the nonce when the TX occurred
8/ - Continued implementation of full history observer nodes - Rust SC support for non-zero integer types - Added a mechanism for very quick serialization of certain types - Improvements & bugfixes in the delegation SC - Further unit testing on the auction and staking SCs
9/ - Further improvements & bugfixes on the process components for the reshuffling without restart - Added a logger route on our seed node tool so we can check it's status real-time via the logviewer application
10/ - Started working on indexing all the accounts inside in Elastic Search so we can display later in Explorer all the accounts with balance & holders list - Continued testing the delegation contract and updating the delegation fuzzer
11/ "Stay Hungry Stay Foolish" and tune in soon for more of the #Elrondtech which powers the
@ElrondNetwork ecosystem. Check our progress & get involved
submitted by victoroshi99 to elrondnetwork [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 17:03 Robw_1973 10tb WD Ultrastar data drive. Read errors.

I have started getting "read errors" error messages for one of my disks (it's an WDC Ultrastar 10tb drive that was shucked from an WD Elements box). My set up is;
2 X 10tb WD Reds as Parity.
1 X 10tb WD ultrastar as data.
1 x 4tb Seagate Barracuda USB drive as cache.
unRAID OS is 6.8.3.
Error log;
ATA Error Count: 15 (device log contains only the most recent five errors) CR = Command Register [HEX] FR = Features Register [HEX] SC = Sector Count Register [HEX] SN = Sector Number Register [HEX] CL = Cylinder Low Register [HEX] CH = Cylinder High Register [HEX] DH = Device/Head Register [HEX] DC = Device Command Register [HEX] ER = Error register [HEX] ST = Status register [HEX] Powered_Up_Time is measured from power on, and printed as DDd+hh:mm:SS.sss where DD=days, hh=hours, mm=minutes, SS=sec, and sss=millisec. It "wraps" after 49.710 days. Error 15 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 7487 hours (311 days + 23 hours) When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle. After command completion occurred, registers were: ER ST SC SN CL CH DH -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 40 43 00 00 00 00 00 Error: UNC at LBA = 0x00000000 = 0 Commands leading to the command that caused the error were: CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC Powered_Up_Time Command/Feature_Name -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------------- -------------------- 60 00 78 d0 58 8b 40 08 46d+18:33:45.826 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 40 38 e8 b7 55 40 08 46d+18:33:38.898 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 c0 28 a0 6d 1c 40 08 46d+18:33:38.892 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 00 70 d0 57 8b 40 08 46d+18:33:37.300 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 00 68 d0 56 8b 40 08 46d+18:33:36.568 READ FPDMA QUEUED Error 14 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 7487 hours (311 days + 23 hours) When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle. After command completion occurred, registers were: ER ST SC SN CL CH DH -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 40 43 00 00 00 00 00 Error: UNC at LBA = 0x00000000 = 0 Commands leading to the command that caused the error were: CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC Powered_Up_Time Command/Feature_Name -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------------- -------------------- 60 00 c8 60 ea e0 40 08 46d+18:32:37.444 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 00 48 a8 0f bc 40 08 46d+18:32:30.528 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 18 40 a8 0d bc 40 08 46d+18:32:30.527 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 28 10 98 0b bc 40 08 46d+18:32:30.527 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 00 08 a8 0e bc 40 08 46d+18:32:30.527 READ FPDMA QUEUED Error 13 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 7487 hours (311 days + 23 hours) When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle. After command completion occurred, registers were: ER ST SC SN CL CH DH -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 40 43 00 00 00 00 00 Error: UNC at LBA = 0x00000000 = 0 Commands leading to the command that caused the error were: CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC Powered_Up_Time Command/Feature_Name -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------------- -------------------- 60 00 e8 60 e8 e0 40 08 46d+18:32:30.152 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 00 e0 98 0a bc 40 08 46d+18:32:23.213 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 00 d8 98 09 bc 40 08 46d+18:32:23.213 READ FPDMA QUEUED 61 08 d0 88 42 37 40 08 46d+18:32:23.213 WRITE FPDMA QUEUED 61 20 08 c0 00 00 40 08 46d+18:32:23.211 WRITE FPDMA QUEUED Error 12 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 7395 hours (308 days + 3 hours) When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle. After command completion occurred, registers were: ER ST SC SN CL CH DH -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 40 43 00 00 00 00 00 Error: UNC at LBA = 0x00000000 = 0 Commands leading to the command that caused the error were: CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC Powered_Up_Time Command/Feature_Name -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------------- -------------------- 60 00 48 98 3b 49 40 08 42d+21:51:36.189 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 28 d8 d8 8d 07 40 08 42d+21:51:29.226 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 48 d0 78 8d 07 40 08 42d+21:51:29.226 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 18 c8 58 8d 07 40 08 42d+21:51:29.226 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 10 c0 40 8d 07 40 08 42d+21:51:29.226 READ FPDMA QUEUED Error 11 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 7395 hours (308 days + 3 hours) When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle. After command completion occurred, registers were: ER ST SC SN CL CH DH -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 40 43 00 00 00 00 00 Error: UNC at LBA = 0x00000000 = 0 Commands leading to the command that caused the error were: CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC Powered_Up_Time Command/Feature_Name -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------------- -------------------- 60 00 08 e0 a9 4b 40 08 42d+21:50:58.756 READ FPDMA QUEUED 61 08 10 f8 ff ff 40 08 42d+21:50:51.832 WRITE FPDMA QUEUED 60 08 00 50 08 6e 40 08 42d+21:50:51.832 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 08 f0 28 08 6e 40 08 42d+21:50:51.832 READ FPDMA QUEUED 60 08 e8 f8 07 6e 40 08 42d+21:50:51.832 READ FPDMA QUEUED
Array drives are all indicated as being healthy. Short SMART self test reported no errors (below);
Num Test_Description Status Remaining LifeTime(hours) LBA_of_first_error # 1 Short offline Completed without error 00% 7502 - # 2 Short offline Completed without error 00% 0 -
I'm pretty sure that the Ultrastar drive is working perfectly normally. But concerned about the conflicting info i'm getting from the OS.
I'm not that technical, and at a loss as to what next steps are?
Grateful for a steer....
submitted by Robw_1973 to unRAID [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 15:27 Rowan_Keizer Formula to list Column of Customer Names in Alphabetical Order

Please can someone help.
I have a column (Column D) that uses a formula to bring in lists of customer names from a different workbook. The formula used to do this is: =IF('C:\Users\Dell\Desktop\[Statements.xlsx]Customer Details'!O8="No","",'C:\Users\Dell\Desktop\[Statements.xlsx]Customer Details'!E8)
The formula is from D4: D350
I then have another formula that lists those column names without blanks, etc to use in a data validation list (Column B), where I use the following formula: =IF(INDEX($D$4:$D$350,SMALL(IF($D$4:$D$350<>"",ROW(D$4:D$350)-ROW(D$4)+1),ROWS(D$4:D4)))=0,"",INDEX($D$4:$D$350,SMALL(IF($D$4:$D$350<>"",ROW(D$4:D$350)-ROW(D$4)+1),ROWS(D$4:D4))))
I have tried various ways to list these names in alphabetical order in a different column (e.g. Column C or something), to no avail.
Screenshot: https://prnt.sc/ul591e
submitted by Rowan_Keizer to excel [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 14:50 Draemeth [For Hire] Marketing and SEO

My name is Zack Frederick and I started doing marketing several years ago as i began my first yoga ‘e-business', realising very quickly that the difference between me and the next John Doe wasn’t the product but the presentation. So I set about, by trial and error, learning how I could sell more Yoga mats than John Doe. It wasn’t long before I realised I was very good at the marketing aspect, and I didn’t really like things like warehousing and distribution.
Today I’m most interested in building reports, designing paid campaigns and helping with Instagram.
I’ve compiled a few free tips for general marketing and SEO.

Brand awareness

First off. Influencers will not magically make your website successful. You have to be your own influencer. Over my tenor, I have spent thousands on social media analysis, rebranding and learning tricks like sticking state names across American products or even changing the colour of my website depending on the demographics of my audience. Spoilers, guys love red. Here’s an example data set. https://imgur.com/gallery/7OHIx
Last year, I ran a campaign for one of my shoe clients, and we used the pride of state consumers to grow his shoe business. I researched the best colours to use for different states and gave him a list, we put the state names across his shoes and marketed directly to them through instagram. It wasn’t long before his conversion metrics were soaring.
Here's an example report from one of my clients - https://prnt.sc/iisqv8

Value

I have worked with a lot of musicians, a big part of them started with low view, audio-only videos. I learnt quickly that for them to achieve success they had to provide value, so i told them to create videos. They did and then ta-da, they had 4500 views when they only had 200 view music videos before. For the next step, I even got them contacts with massive digital celebrities. My proudest connection having been ‘Ninja’ during the height of his fortnite campaign, I organised the marketing behind several viral Fortnite music parodies with now millions of views.

Trend riding

Make use of trends in your business. If something is so mainstream and big, why ignore it? In the past I have made use of the political trends in the American election with trump AND hillary brands on some of my clients products, with the pro trump and pro hillary supporters wanting to sport their political beliefs no matter the cost.
I see a lot of website based businesses underuse social media with broad attempts at Facebook ads and Instagram ads, ill go to digital marketing agencies and see they either have no social following or a huge botted one. It's a terrible idea to buy followers, if you want to cut corners then you should look at buying a smaller business with a bigger social following.
Here’s the impressions from a tweet I made on the first day of creating a company a twitter platform and using trend riding and collaboration to grow it https://prnt.sc/huziu6 4K Impressions on one tweet in 15 minutes - we hit 80k impressions in the first day. I did this from simply mimiking the formula for success from a similiar company account, i don't want to try change the magic formula for success.

Direction

Adapt

You really do have to stay in touch with your business to know what's working and what isn't, companies like Toys R Us refused to do that and stuck with huge stockpiles of star wars toys and then they collapsed. Blockbusters where ahead of the curve for digital movies and then they refused to change, Netflix changed and Netflix won. Amazon learnt to use online selling and left companies like Tescos with financial crisis.
The big boom in marketing that I’ve seen is social media marketing, marketers can create huge social following for companies and use that platform to sell content for extremely low costs in comparison to the tens of thousands it costs to use other platforms such as radio. Social media marketing has become somewhat controversial, but it is important to always stay open minded.

Collaboration** & Viral content

I can not stress the importance of working with other people. Every billionaire i know of has had a mentor, every big company success story had business partners. I've had far more success in clients who have listened to me and done collaborative work with digital celebs, with a dog product business making thousands of sales when they worked with vlogger Zoella and gave her free products.
Viral content is very important because every Youtuber with over 1 million subscribers has started off big and managed to keep it big, nobody grinded and slowly rose up at an equal exponent. Hard work is fine but being consistent and mixing it up, copying the viral content of others is an easy way of bringing in secondary viewership and traffic. Pewdiepie, the biggest youtuber on the planet, started with viral horror content. Ninja, the biggest streamer, grinded for 7 years but only truly struck gold with the virality of Fortnite. So it makes sense to repeat their methods.

Key words

It is an obvious thing to say but it's neglected, key words are very important. I had a crypto business come to me and ask why their site wasnt doing very well, and i looked through it and saw they never mentioned anything beyond bitcoin. Bitcoin is a very expensive key word to market, with costs of the raw word being as high as 38$ per click. I had to bring them down to earth with harsh truths, i rewrote their entire site using SEM tools in mind - with key words and phrases like "Altcoin exchange" and using the names of the top 100 altcoins across the site.

SEO

Search Engine Optimisation is the name given to increasing the value and raw volume of your organic traffic. A successful website always wants as many of the most likely consumer base to encounter their product because that’s the hardest point of digital business. Your websites SEO is determined by crawlers which regularly check up on your website and update their index which is later used by an algorithm to order results when someone ‘googles’ something.
Today I’m going to be talking you through some key points about SEO that I personally audit for businesses.

Domains

Https://Www.Example.Com is an example of something we call a ‘root domain’ which is made up of protocol (https://) subdomain (www.) domain name (example) and top-level domain (.com). These are the basic parts. It’s important that the protocol is the best and safest it can be or else google will punish you. It’s also important your domain name and top-level domain are appropriate and readable. The words used in your subdomain can also affect how customers interpret your website, websites can be named after their market base for easy marketing. In addition, the age and previous registrations of your domain matter. It’s important these factors are appropriately considered in your website. Be minimal with subdomains.

Targeting

Google knows where it’s users are and what they’re using from their browser data, IPs and MACs and then matches them with websites in their areas or appropriate to searches. Ever since the infamous 2016 update ‘Possum’ it is not something you can ignore. Even jobs based websites had to use the meta data ‘Jobs Schema’ (from 2017 onwards) to tell google where your website was focused. Location specific landing pages matter. You have to pay credence to DNS (domain name server) and Glue to keep TTL (time to load) and mobile in mind, especially with more mobile users than ever. CMS (customs) is also part of this discussion: themes and plugins are a factor in Google’s ranking. One way to improve TTL is through CDN’s and we have to consider how we approach them to rank better. Sometimes, you might face penalties and there are ways to know; that’s a little too hard to explain here but PM me for more.

Content

Nobody loves a book more than google. Robots will read all your website, even the stuff humans don’t bother with. Things like duplication will annoy Google who doesn’t like reading things twice. CTA’s (buttons basically) have to go somewhere nice and if they don’t work properly google will punish you. Human biases are important too. The user experience will effect their retention and Google will clock that. There’s also lots of minor things that can stack up: Filenames (help you rank on Images) Thin content (Google sees it as lazy) phrase diversity (spamming key words is noticed) and URL structures too! Make sure your in and outbound links are healthy as well as having keyword mapping where you assign the correct words to the right pages. Make sure your anchor texts (viewable when linking) are descriptive yet succinct. And finally: link velocity, a healthy eco system of link building is important to longevity and renewed SEO.

Technical Stuff.

Consistent anchor elements are important to prevent 404s. Don’t use abbreviations with naming files and folders. Limit use of dates for file folder names. Your site architecture has to be simple and close to the root domain so the click depth isn’t too great! Links to and from your site can’t be dead ends, and use breadcrumbs! Be wary of canonical issues from similar content across multiple URLs. Treat Cookies and Session IDs properly, privacy laws are ever changed and mismatching them can be dangerous. There’s lots more to go into like header status codes, site maps, GSC Crawl Errors but Reddit has a text limit so I’ve deleted some of my post.

PM me if interested in my services or with questions.

~28-35 USD hourly
submitted by Draemeth to forhire [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 12:19 redtexture Options Questions Safe Haven Thread Sept 21-27 2020

For the options questions you wanted to ask, but were afraid to. There are no stupid questions, only dumb answers.   Fire away. This project succeeds via thoughtful sharing of knowledge. You, too, are invited to respond to these questions. This is a weekly rotation with past threads linked below.
BEFORE POSTING, please review the list of frequent answers below. .
Don't exercise your (long) options for stock! Exercising throws away extrinsic value that selling harvests. Simply sell your (long) options, to close the position, for a gain or loss.
Key informational links • Options FAQ / wiki: Frequent Answers to Questions • Options Glossary • List of Recommended Options Books • Introduction to Options (The Options Playbook) • The complete options side-bar links, for mobile app users. • Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options (Options Clearing Corporation)
Getting started in options • Calls and puts, long and short, an introduction (Redtexture) • Exercise & Assignment - A Guide (ScottishTrader) • Why Options Are Rarely Exercised - Chris Butler - Project Option (18 minutes) • I just made (or lost) $___. Should I close the trade? (Redtexture) • Disclose option position details, for a useful response
Introductory Trading Commentary • Options Basics: How to Pick the Right Strike Price (Elvis Picardo - Investopedia) • High Probability Options Trading Defined (Kirk DuPlessis, Option Alpha) • Options Expiration & Assignment (Option Alpha) • Expiration times and dates (Investopedia) • Options Pricing & The Greeks (Option Alpha) (30 minutes) • Options Greeks (captut) • Common mistakes and useful advice for new options traders (wiki) • Common Intra-Day Stock Market Patterns - (Cory Mitchell - The Balance)
Why did my options lose value when the stock price moved favorably? • Options extrinsic and intrinsic value, an introduction (Redtexture)
Trade planning, risk reduction and trade size • Exit-first trade planning, and a risk-reduction checklist (Redtexture) • Trade Checklists and Guides (Option Alpha) • Planning for trades to fail. (John Carter) (at 90 seconds)
Minimizing Bid-Ask Spreads (high-volume options are best) • Price discovery for wide bid-ask spreads (Redtexture) • List of option activity by underlying (Market Chameleon)
Closing out a trade • Most options positions are closed before expiration (Options Playbook) • When to Exit Guide (Option Alpha) • Risk to reward ratios change: a reason for early exit (Redtexture) • Close positions before expiration: TSLA decline after market close (PapaCharlie9) (September 11, 2020)
Miscellaneous • Graph of the VIX: S&P 500 volatility index (StockCharts) • Options expirations calendar (Options Clearing Corporation) • Unscheduled Market Closings Guide & OCC Rules (Options Clearing Corporation) • Stock Splits, Mergers, Spinoffs, Bankruptcies and Options (Options Industry Council) • Trading Halts and Options (PDF) (Options Clearing Corporation) • Options listing procedure (PDF) (Options Clearing Corporation) • Collateral and short option positions: Options Clearing Corporation - Rule 601 (PDF) • Expiration creation: Weeklies, Indexes (CBOE) • Strike Price Creation (CBOE) (PDF) •  New Strike Price Requests (CBOE) •  When and Why New Strikes Are Added (Stack Exchange) • Weekly expirations CBOE • A selected list of option chain & option data websites • Selected calendars of economic reports and events • An incomplete list of international brokers trading USA (and European) options
Previous weeks' Option Questions Safe Haven threads.
Complete archive: 2018, 2019, 2020
submitted by redtexture to options [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 10:00 Malkano86 Even his reply is late.

https://robertsspaceindustries.com/spectrum/community/SC/forum/50259/thread/ask-the-chairman/3389607
He finally replied. I guess they dusted off the cocaine stash long enough for him to get to the keyboard to shit something out.
Btw this was supposed to be the weekend and it’s Monday.
Below is the post
Question is "How is the Dynamic Economy shaping up? and is server meshing an essential requirement before Quantas show up?"
Tony and his team have been spending a lot of time this year fleshing out the internal infrastructure of the Dynamic Economy / Universe Simulation (Quantum): Increasing data flow from the Dedicated Game Servers (DGS) to Quantum. These servers are what you as a client connect to, handle a player’s moment to moment simulation, and are what will be meshed together eventually. They push up to the overall universe simulation the state of all the players they are responsible for, but at a slower tick rate than they simulate (as Quantum doesn’t need to be 30 frames per second as it’s a much bigger picture simulation) Linking to various game services; these are specific services for things like shops, commodities, resources, encounters (probability volumes, AI spawns), and service beacons that any DGS can query to get the global state of the universe. Services are how Quantum communicates the state of the universe (what you are calling the dynamic economy) to the various game servers. It’s done this was to not overload Quantum, each service caches and updates the global state of the aspect (say prices of items in shops) it is in charge of from Quantum (which is simulating this in a singular universe view) and then can share that on demand to the various DGS that query it. Doing this allows us to scale the DGS count and not worrying about overloading the singleton that is the Universe Simulation. Reading state from backend databases like the persistent database (soon to be iCache) to track player state and assets Improving Quanta (the representation of a group of AI in the Universe Simulation) ability for their traits and proficiencies to drive their actions and occupation. Improving the Star Map and Player analytics so you can have a full view of the player’s activities (travel, combat, purchases etc.)
Last year’s demo at CitizenCon ( https://youtu.be/_8VFw1F-olQ ) demonstrated the high level simulation approach we are planning to take but a lot of the “plumbing” necessary for a player to feel the effect of a dynamic universe shared by all players (not just solitary 50 player instances) wasn’t in, so the work that has happened since then was a necessary step to link it back to gameplay so people can see the cause and effect that a dynamic universe will bring.
Over the next couple of quarters the team is going to work on further fleshing out Quanta behaviors and variety (tourists, entertainers, blue-collar workers, white collar office workers, etc.) and continue linking the overall simulation to the services to allow it to start to drive things in the game you are playing, including the upcoming dynamic mission system. Fuel and repair costs are likely to be the first instance of pricing driven by the backend simulation (versus a formula in the service which it is now). From there we will slowly start pushing more of the Quantum simulation like encounters (Probability Volumes), commodity and retail goods pricing and stock, resource persistence (no endless random chance to mine Hadinite in the same point) to the services, allowing them to drive gameplay in the various DGS.
Tony’s goal (goal != promise ) is to have elements of the Dynamic Universe start to come online next year, likely towards the back half of the year, where player’s actions can impact both the Dynamic Economy and other players.
As far as Server Meshing being a prerequisite for Quantum, that isn’t the case. The server mesh is the optimization that will allow the universe to be dynamically broken up into individual islands, each of which is controlled by a DGS, allowing us to scale the concurrent player count inside a single unified reality beyond what an individual server could handle. How likely you are to run into pirates at a given location, what missions are being offered where and for how much, the distribution and quantity of valuable ores, and which shops are short on what goods and what they’re willing to pay to procure more is what Quantum, not the DGS simulates. Quantum is responsible for the big picture of the universe. Quantum is not dependent on the server mesh as it’s a level above the server mesh, but Quantum is what allows the server mesh to reflect dynamic state of the Universe. That doesn’t mean that Quantum is a prerequisite for Server Meshing though, it’s just the universe won’t be as dynamic without Quantum driving it. In the same way the iCache is not a prerequisite for Quantum, but when online it will allow more fidelity of object state and tracking in the Quantum simulation.
Also If some of you haven't seen the AMA @jake-cig did back in April on Quantum it's worth checking out https://robertsspaceindustries.com/spectrum/community/SC/forum/3/thread/quantum-ama (props to @mollybot-CIG for organizing AMAs for the community, it's something we're trying to do more of to make developer community interaction more focused)
As an aside the runner up @GongYu 's post on the Chinese and Russian fan driven localization efforts was super impressive. I forwarded it on to our internal translation team; we just hired a localization manager in the UK to start focusing on our localization for Squadron 42 and Star Citizen; we've built our display systems with localization in mind but changing the font to chinese or cyrillic without us explicitly helping is impressive initiative. We are definitely very interested in working on foreign translations with the community, especially on Star Citizen which is a huge on going project. it fits in the spirit of Star Citizen as we couldn't be making this game without all of you, and the lack of movement on the translation side was more to do with lack of dedicated personnel, which we have recently rectified. So expect to see us more engaged on this front as we go forward.
I hope this helped and thanks to everyone's questions.
-Chris
submitted by Malkano86 to starcitizen_refunds [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 07:59 Emilytube Craft Solution with Cradle CFD by Rescale

Craft Solution with Cradle CFD by Rescale
Demand for accuracy, flexibility, and responsiveness are high and designers face enormous challenges in complying with legal requirements and deliver performance at a lower cost
Cradle CFD can be a series of simulation software and Simulation CFD's. It is used for a wide variety of applications such as automotive, aerospace, electronics Buildings, and architecture Fan engineering, machinery, and marine development to solve thermal and fluid problems, a combination of reinforced multiphysics replication and chain simulation capabilities to achieve structural, acoustic, magnetic coupling. Electrical, Mechanical, One-Dimensional, Optimization, Thermal Environment, 3D CAD, and other relative analysis tools Cradle CFDs include scSTREAM, scFLOW, scTetra., scPOST, and other tools
In this webinar, we will explore how to get scFLOW simulation results faster than ever before taking advantage of the Rescale platform. We'll start by showing how easy it is to sort, execute, validate, and post the simulation process on Rescale. We'll also look at how to accelerate development when you pair the Cradle CFD engine with the fastest compute resources within the cloud.
https://preview.redd.it/bd5wx3y0yfo51.jpg?width=1280&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=38a101ea11e97b555c8cc7a701fbe5611429b26e
Cradle CFD includes a pre-processor and After embedding interactive 3D tools using the OpenGL API, Cradle CFD is a scalable, open-source, cross-platform CAD platform that focuses on scalability and high performance.

About Rescale:

Rescale is the leader in enterprise large-scale computing within the cloud. Rescale empowers the world's changing executives, IT leaders, engineers, and scientists to securely manage product innovation into one multi-platform. Rescale's ScaleX® cloud is built on the highest performing high-performance computing infrastructure. Pair your software application with the simplest cloud or on-premises architecture to run compute. And complex simulations. Find out more about Rescale at www.rescale.com.

About Software Cradle:

Hexagon could be the global leader in sensor, software, and automation solutions. We are gathering data to improve efficiency, productivity, and quality in the manufacturing, infrastructure, security, and mobility industries.MSC
The software aims to help product manufacturers develop solutions. Software Development and Simulation Services As a trusted partner, we help companies improve quality, save time, and reduce costs in product design, testing, and manufacturing. 06 Jun 2016 MSC Nastran 2016 Implementation Shared memory parallelism for faster performance M SC promises to improve performance and speed of all products and has released the "MSC 2016" version of NASTran Patran.
The software portfolio enables scFlow to cover a wide range of CFD simulation tasks, including high-performance, cost-effective, and scalable Monte Carlo simulations. Patran and Nastran use legacy code-structure tools, but Matlab and NASTRAN work with MATLAB and MatLab.
MSC Software has developed simulation software that allows engineers to review and customize designs using virtual prototypes.MSC pioneered the development of the flagship M SC Nastran product, which today relies on the analysis and forecasting of a wide range of products in the Automotive, aerospace, and defense industries
Software Cradle, part of the department Hexagon's Manufacturing Intelligence is a provider of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation software. Established in 1984, it has been working to provide unique, innovative, and highly reliable CFD solutions that enhance customer product quality and creativity. In 2016, it joined MSC Software Corporation, the world leader in replication. Multidisciplinary As a global company, Software Cradle offers an all-inclusive multi-physics solution. Learn more at www.cradle-cfd.com Hexagon Manufacturing Intelligence offers solutions that use data from design and manufacturing engineering and metrology to create smarter manufacturing models. For more information, visit www.cradle-cfd.com. hexagonmi.com
submitted by Emilytube to ReviewFeed [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 07:33 techpolicyapp HPYSM Ivy League etc. Computer Science Major

Demographics: white female
Income: upper middle class
Hooks?: Harvard legacy
Major: Computer science, especially interested in artificial intelligence. Also interested in economics and political science(minors or something)
Schools:
early action: Harvard, Georgia tech, illinois-urbana, indiana university, purdue
Regular: most ivy leagues, MIT, caltech, carnegie mellon SCS, UC Berkeley
Stats: 1580 SAT, 1520 PSAT, 4.0 GPA UW, 4.633 GPA W
Rank: unofficial 4/411 AP: 10 tests taken, got 5's on all of them. Computer Science principles, computer science A, calculus AB, calculus BC, US History, Language and Composition, Spanish Language and Culture, Physics Mechanics, Physics E+M, Macroeconomics 4 tests planned in Government, Biology, Statistics, and Literature
College Courses: will have taken 6: intro to computer science, intro to artificial intelligence, Intelligent systems 1, intelligent systems 2, linear algebra, differential equations
ECs: Debate: team captain
FIRST Robotics: Lead programmer
Girls Who Code: co-founder, vice president
Orchestra: only freshman year but was violin concertmaster
Volunteer coach all throughout high school for middle school speech team. After school practices and I helped run annual tournaments and developed guidelines for a new speech type event that my state adopted(dont want to get too specific)
Web design:
1) created online labs for chemistry teacher
2) created fairly involved website that indirectly(I talk about it in essays) combats socioeconomic barriers in debate). Only problem is it has only 200 signups and no external recognition/verification.
3) web developer for national organization that combats gender bias in debate
Summer full time paid Data Science Internship(learned a lot of AI/machine learning techniques)
Awards:
State champion in debate event, 2 time national qualifier(first from my school to qualify for nationals/win state).
National AP Scholar, National Merit Semifinalist
School award for chemistry website
Artificial Intelligence Hackathon: 2nd place(only 30 students competed but they were all teams of college students and I was my teams only experienced programmer)
LOR: English teacher who knows my background in debate(7/10), Computer Science teacher who can talk about struggles I overcame learning to program(7/10). Internship supervisor: (8/10)
Essays: talk about coaching speech students and decreasing socioeconomic debate barriers, my interest in robotics/hackathon/AI stemming from my debate experience. (7/10).
My big fear is that I dont have much external recognition for tech related activities. Robotics is a team event and I haven't had chance for individual distinction. Ive spent most of my time there teaching myself to program but it's not quantifiable. Does my demonstrated interest for computer science(through coursework, girls who code, robotics) coupled with my debate recognition compensate for this? Also, any suggestions for what I could do in the near future to strengthen my app? And which schools are my chances best for?
Edit: is it better to be slightly more general in saying I want to do comp sci for social good as related to my past experiences or should I try to pick on activity and lean on it really hard to seem more like I have direction and a specific goal that I want to achieve?
submitted by techpolicyapp to chanceme [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 05:46 btlkhs [OWL WATCH] Waiting for "IOTA TIME" 21-24;

Disclaimer: This is my editing for the last 1-2 weeks, so there could be some misunderstandings and exaggerations, especially because many of these convos are from 'spec channel', so please don't take it 100% fact-wise. I share this summary to help survive this patient game and spread good spirits of IOTA.

Charlie [IF]어제 오전 8:26
I think chrysalis will bring a nice pamp
people will see how well the protocol works through a nice new wallet
we'll have a suite of libraries for people to build with
new exchanges
maybe not to the same extent as coordicide but it'll increase our market rank significantly, imo
📷
Mark Schmidt [IF]어제 오전 8:49
As soon as the majority of tokens are bought for actual use, we can speak of proper valuations. Until then we will have speculation based valuation.​
​----------------------------------------------------------------------
📷
HusQy
In IOTA you don't even have sheets. You just talk to each other and whenever you see a conflict you ask a few other people in the room if they saw the conflict in the same order as you.
📷
Jelle Millenaar [IF]어제 오후 8:10
IOTA Identity does the same using standards. That's always the difference between IOTA and others**. We are not a specific DLT that does one thing, we are a platform that can do it all (Well most of it).**
📷
Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전 5:53
as I said earlier I think its an interesting idea to increase trust in payments that need fast confirmations
but if you don't have finality then it definitely doesn't work
I just say that it doesn't work without a concept of finality
and that's usually the hard part
in distributed consensus
📷
Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전 6:09
and if you have a permissioned group of coordinators then you can just run hashgraph
and an open and permissionless system is hard because you usually never reach true finality
but only probabilistic finality
📷
Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전 6:46
I am pretty sure that any consensus always involves voting and the quest for the best consensus is the quest for the best voting scheme but maybe I am wrong
📷
toothless어제 오후 7:18
The current goshimmer peering protocol mixes peer ID with salt to determine an ordering to select 8 peers for 2 hours. Anyway. Maybe you are not familiar with that system.
📷
Hans Moog [IF]어제 오후 7:18
I designed that system
📷
Hans Moog [IF]어제 오후 7:20
that's how multiverse works - every message is a statement by the issuing node which conflict it likes
and the subtangle with the most approvers wins
that works
but that's consensus
📷
Hans Moog [IF]어제 오후 7:23
finality requires consensus
consensus always requires voting
I just think that I have a pretty deep understanding of what is necessary for consensus.
I have researched this for years now
📷
Hans Moog [IF]어제 오후 8:01
the trilemma by definition only applies to blockchain
The trilemma is bullshit. The more decentralized the network is the more secure is it because you have more redundancy and its harder to corrupt a sufficient amount of validators. And since the answer to scalability is sharding, more validators also means easier sharding and therefore better scalability.

📷
Wilfried Pimenta de Miranda • 3rd+
Distributed Ledger Technologies (#DLT) / #blockchain and #AI are recognized by the EU commission as "foundational technologies that will underpin the future of digital transformation across the whole economy".
​Excited to follow the 400-500M EUR European Investment Fund being set up aimed at boosting DLT & AI startups across Europe.

steven vanpeltout of network
math
23m
ah the parasite chain attack. like in any pow, pos system. for now coordinator prevents this in the current network. iota coordicide has manaFpc for fast finality to prevent this. we will see mana working in a few weeks,

📷
ricardosnow오늘 오후 8:36
Dom from 1 to 10 how much are you pumped for the Q3/Q4?
📷
dom오늘 오후 9:18
10 ofc
📷
Wynt오늘 오후 9:25
what's your favorite task then?
📷
dom오늘 오후 9:27
Organisation / strategy work
📷
Wynt오늘 오후 9:28
ah good good 📷 regarding the entire IF or more focussed on a specific project?
📷
dom오늘 오후 9:41
IF and some specific projects
📷
Yann오늘 오후 4:43
https://facemrook.github.io/hot-take-mana-specs
Buffy’s IOTA Facts
Hot take: Mana specs: I have questions
Mana is Coordicide’s main sybil protection mechanism, 15+ months in the making. The specs that were just released create more questions than answers.
📷
Billy Sanders [IF]오늘 오후 4:51
Does anyone know what specification they[buffy] are actually referring to? We haven't made any of the specifications public
📷
Navin Ramachandran [IF]오늘 오후 4:52
I presume it is this.
https://github.com/iotaledgegoshimmeblob/docs/mana/docs/001-mana_proposal.md
📷
Billy Sanders [IF]오늘 오후 4:53
Ah I see
Well one reason for the complications is we want a study on goshimmer which mana calculation method is better, method 1 or method 2
He raises a lot of good points that we have addressed internally
But the document above probably doesn't communicate
📷
Billy Sanders [IF]오늘 오후 5:12
We have specs for most of the protocol, and we hope to make them public in a few months
📷
Sissors오늘 오후 5:17
why a few months? You want to have them finalized before revealing them?
📷
Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오후 6:34
Writing specs that are concise enough to leave no open questions takes time and people are pretty busy + things are also still being optimized. While you implement and design data structures, you suddenly realize that some things can be solved in a much more efficient way than initially envisioned. We are for example thinking about increasing the number of other messages a message can reference as the tip selection has become orders of magnitude more efficient. This solves the last "problematic" attack vector of blowballs where an attacker tries to inflate the number of available tips. This change also massively decreases things like confirmation times. We are also getting rid of the nested value tangle and replace it with the "approval reset switch" that we discussed a few days ago so we only have 1 tangle in a single layer that contains everything. This will not only lead to a better perception of things like confirmation confidence as even data messages are contributing to the approval of value transfers but it also makes a lot of algorithms much simpler that would otherwise have to take the separation of the layers into account. If we would have tried to spec the state before these optimizations then this would have essentially been a lot of wasted time. The same goes for mana - while we implement the first version of it we expect a few interesting insights not only into how it behaves but how it can be optimized regarding its implementation. Once we feel confident that aspects are more or less final we will write concise specs but for now, the focus is on optimizations and learning from the real-world implementation.****(수정됨)
📷
toothless오늘 오후 6:38
Hans I reverse engineered your autopeering protocol. I would just like to say. It's beautiful.
It works well
Boot 500 connected nodes in minutes
At first, I did not like the UDP layer but now it makes total sense. Genius system
📷
Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오후 6:48
There are internal specs for pretty much everything and of course, you need them to implement stuff but internal specs and public specs are two different things as internal specs sometimes also name a few different "options" how to do things whereas public specs are usually very concise and leave very little room for discussions.****(수정됨)
📷
Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오후 6:50
It's just different scopes - just look at the little mana document that we have in goshimmer. Everybody who internally works on goshimmer knows that "access mana" controls the influence on rate control and your throughput in the network while "consensus mana" controls the influence in voting
📷
Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오후 6:53
It's two different aspects that are not necessarily related and the fact that we have 2 mana vectors totally confused cpt. WTF to a degree where he felt like he needs to write another article where he again tells everybody that he doesn't understand shit
Ideally, public specs wouldn't leave these kinds of questions open so people don't get confused

📷
dom오늘 오전 3:56
yeh
the highest priority right now is really Chrysalis and delivering that on the mainnet.
for the testnet October is what we're aiming for
with that, we can then already speak with exchanges about integrations etc.
📷
ThomasQv오늘 오전 3:59
Is there something else going on behind the scenes that we will bee seeing this year? Kind of feel it will be all hands on deck this year for chrysalis so not much other news will be expected
📷
dom오늘 오전 4:00
more product announcements by us / partners will also come
aye we'll get there. Let's not get distracted by the defi craze....
📷
ThomasQv오늘 오전 4:02
Haha no it's just a bit sad to see us getting pushed aside time after time by other projects. But hopefully, these new products and partners are able to push us back in the game
📷
dom오늘 오전 4:04
sure it sucks and can get you frustrated. But fundamentally nothing has changed about our value proposition, delivery and focus. So while the market is high on defi atm and every other coin is announcing their own form of DeFi, we can't lose focus like that and diverge from the roadmap we defined
📷
dom오늘 오전 4:07
one thing that has been proven is that you can really not acquire a sustainable ecosystem and adoption in this space. So it is much better to really stay focused to deliver on the largest and most important upgrade of the IOTA protocol yet, and then with that accelerate adoption and more use cases. Everyone is super excited about it (partners + team + community) and what it will enable for our future.
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ThomasQv오늘 오전 4:08
I think we can all agree that if everything goes as planned iota will be pretty big in the future
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dom오늘 오전 4:09
we'll get there
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ThomasQv오늘 오전 4:15
Can't argue that when dom and the rest of the IF joins these talks and talk about how everything is going well and what's to come the sentiment change at the second. It helps a lot on the community
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dom오늘 오전 4:15
if I answer that question I get hanged because of pre-announcing and unnecessarily hyping lol
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Dan S [IF]오늘 오전 4:25
It’s painful but I know it will be rewarding for all of us so 📷
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ThomasQv오늘 오전 4:36
Dan, are u waiting for chrysalis before u call tell us more?
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Dan S [IF]오늘 오전 4:36
100%
Blogchain at the ready
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Dan S [IF]오늘 오전 4:37
Seriously though, EDDSA can’t come soon enough
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Dan S [IF]오늘 오전 4:37****​
Y’all in spec will see it coming but nobody else will
I guess that’s a good thing 📷
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Dan S [IF]오늘 오전 4:39
All I’m promising is that we had some serious blockers in North America, and those are no longer here. Maybe one day over some discord chat/coffee/drink hour I’ll go over the whole story.
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Hapa오늘 오전 4:39
If iota does not hit $5 next month,
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Dan S [IF]오늘 오전 4:39
Next month damn that’s close
[luckily enough], I think by end of year is a real possibility
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Dan S [IF]오늘 오전 4:41
What I mean is that North America was really hard to get into
We got a serious legal approval by the Crypto Ratings Council
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Dan S [IF]오늘 오전 4:42
And we’ve gotten some other regulatory approvals - but the market here generally didn’t like us cause we weren’t willing to do all the pay to play stuff
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Hyperware오늘 오전 4:42
So glad that things are smoother now though
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Dan S [IF]오늘 오전 4:42
Yeh 100%
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Dan S [IF]오늘 오전 4:42
It just took like, a year to get a lay of the landscape and diagnose how to solve it
Blockers were first step
Phase 2 is next step
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Dan S [IF]오늘 오전 4:49
Yes this is required before though
[SCs and color coins are just soo slept on in terms of impact]
u/Hyperware
100%
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Charlie [IF]오늘 오후 9:31
Meanwhile, we are concentrating on things like Streams, Access, Identity to enable actual use cases in the real world
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Charlie [IF]오늘 오후 9:36
u/SWISH We will just have to grind our way back up the rankings. I think it’ll happen quite organically.
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Charlie [IF]오늘 오후 9:38
SCs will are super important yeah. But the use cases afforded through streams/identity/access will also build the ecosystem out
We do plan to expedite SC development
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simon오늘 오후 9:46
u/SWISH I think actually it's the opposite. Streams, Identity etc. are stuff that need to be standardized for the ecosystem to grow.
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Charlie [IF]오늘 오후 9:47
Yeah each of them will be a standardized protocol
​​
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 3:52
u/shonuff We have been in dialog with some of the big titans of S Korea before, but it was too early for them and too early for IOTA's tech
However, there are contact points there. After Chrysalis v2 things will hopefully start rolling
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 3:55
u/ThomasQv It's very hard to give broad estimates, but there's certainly a lot of European and American companies that are eagerly awaiting Chrysalis v2, but whether that happens before or after Christmas is hard to say. These cycles within companies are hard to predict
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 3:58
Chrysalis v2 is definitely a catalyst, it will make listing of IOTA as basic as most other projects as well, not just for exchanges but for other fintech applications
It's great to see the consequences of fees and people starting to realize "Oh, it's actually a real problem"
​​📷
dom어제 오후 10:59
lol
u/ricardosnow lots happening behind the scenes. More product releases coming soon (Streams + Access)

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domToday at 4:47 PM
u/JacQ there are some very interesting applications, especially when combined with micropayments. Think about being able to lease machines at low interest rates and paying back per usage. That would be a pretty amazing and real world defi application.
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domToday at 4:50 PM
it is much more suitable for most of what ETH is being used for today, and will not have the same problems (fees + scalability). We're very excited to actually accelerate the development there and are staffing up the team.
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domToday at 4:58 PM
btw did you guys never think that it's actually amazing that we have an ecosystem which is contributing and developing outside of the IF?
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Navin Ramachandran [IF]Today at 4:58 PM
The research and engineering teams do the base research. Many teams may implement it
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Navin Ramachandran [IF]Today at 8:22 PM
Also "Integration of IOTA wallet into the cars’ hardware would be kind of a ‘hacking’ and not feasible for general replication."
**[8:22 PM]**
I presume they are talking about Trinity or a software wallet here
But there is no reason why we can't have a wallet on embedded hardware
​​📷
dom어제 오후 7:07
u/Gerrit the whole promise of cryptocurrencies are no counterparty risks, censorship resistance and permissionless protocols. I don't think a digital euro will be competition for that, I really think it will help accelerate adoption even further
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dom어제 오후 7:08
absolutely We already now have many companies building on IOTA, 1.5 will just really help them further develop new applications and will make them confident that we are on our path to be production ready

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domToday at 5:09 PM
good times will come lol
​​📷
Mike Bennett
​International standards setting is kind of the opposite of surprises. We have some nice surprises from IOTA Foundation in the form of draft Coordicide specs but these are not ready to go into the formal standard until Engineering have gone through them.
​Today I gave the OMG an update on the current state of the IOTA Protocol. The (Research) raw specs are still in draft, I hope to have a more substantive draft for December but we can only submit formally once the IOTA2.0 specs are implemented on Mainnet, for March.
I hope to put out the blog post on standardization after this week's OMG meeting. So I can include updates on what we are doing this week.
​​📷
dom어제 오후 11:31
we will explain and clearly communicate all the changes + what to do obviously 📷
more importantly, the wallet will take care of most of the heavy lifting
so it should be pretty seamless
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Ryan G.어제 오후 10:41
**And why would the IF be hiring a software engineer with experience in the Automotive industry?**
Looks to me they need help working with some large automotive partners.
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 5:30
If there's a real demand for DLT, IOTA won't [sink]
It's that simple
Those who deliver survive in the long run
Those who promise everyone to become millionaires overnight prosper in the short term
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 5:31
If Coordicide isn't delivered in 2021 I will personally resign ^_^;
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knight오늘 오전 5:33​
u/David Sønstebø Delivered on mainnet?
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 5:33
u/knight Yes, of course. Anything else would be an abject failure and I would abdicate my position​
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 5:35
Marketcap, as you pointed out, is a whole another topic. Again, most are manipulated, IOTA's isn't. I can't predict the future, all I can give you is my own commitment. More than 95% of my wealth (which I have to pay a damn wealth tax on every year in fiat) is in IOTA.
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ThomasQv오늘 오전 5:36
Yeah.. whats the most exciting things about the near future are you able to tell us without breaking any NDA?
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 5:37
u/ThomasQv I will let the news speak for itself
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Chris Mueller오늘 오전 5:40
do companies actually tell you about their plans with iota or is this something you don't even know of - or does it depend on the company?
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 5:43
u/Chris Mueller A lot do, but more excitingly, most no longer do. I.E. IOTA is being adopted organically by major players. One of the biggest service providers in Germany just told us casually in a call last week that they had 'over 80 entities' inquiring about IOTA. This is what we've been fighting for. This was an off-the-cuff comment, but truly made me more content with my time and energy investment over the past 5 years than almost any other IOTA related news.
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 5:44
I don't want IF to become the 'hub' that all entities go through, that would defeat IOTA's purpose. The fact that there's such a demand for IOTA in the industry, without us even being aware, is the epitome of success for me
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sexypotato오늘 오전 5:45
I think many of us underestimate the Trojan horse IOTA is using with a data protocol. With this.. the IOTA token has several X more chances of being adopted than all other coins out there
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 5:46
u/Chris Mueller Germany is definitely 'more pronounced' so to speak. IIRC IOTA is the most searched crypto tech in all of Germany. However, this is echoing the 'trend' we see across other countries (including my own) that we have been very active in... Of course, I can't divulge details, but let's just say that the demand is hard to keep up with from an organization perspective
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Chris Mueller오늘 오전 5:48
u/David Sønstebø I see - are these companies who want to start from scratch or has the space matured to such a degree that you can build upon knowledge on their side?(수정됨)
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 5:53
u/Chris Muelle****r I'd say 50/50. I know that isn't a particularly satisfying answer to your question, but... it's just reality. Virtually all relevant companies have dipped their toes into 'BLOCKCHAIN WILL CHANGE THE WORLD' by now, but the technical understanding is lacking across the board, and when it comes to differentiating "Tangle vs Blockchain", often you might as well ask people to differentiate between interpretations of Quantum Mechanics
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 5:54
Just a quote on that
"Bitwise's study in 2019 claimed that 95% of volume on unregulated exchanges was fake. Chainalysis' new study follows a report by crypto index fund provider Bitwise Asset Management claiming that as much as 95% of volume on unregulated exchanges appears to be fake or non-economic in nature"
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 6:09
I'll ensure that a Board AMA happens by end of Oct ; )
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Octo오늘 오전 6:12
David, do you firmly believe in another bull market?
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David Sønstebø오늘 오전 6:13
u/Octo As you know, I'm probably the most prominent anti-spec people in crypto's history, so I am not sure if I'm the right guy to ask. All that being said: Yes, I do. There's too many billions of dollars invested and circulating the cryptosphere on a daily basis for the 'overall market' to not have more bull runs. How IOTA is positioned in those bullruns is of course a whole 'nother topic
Personally, I keep 95%+ of my wealth in IOTA. That's the strongest sentiment I can express

submitted by btlkhs to Iota [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 23:29 teancats 26 [M4F] anywhere - tea, cats, psych, games, and a dollop of degeneracy

26/M, very laid back/silly, make a lot of shitty jokes, also will perpetually utilize lower case so hopefully you're used to it. I drink a lot of tea, really like black cats, play a lot of games (tft/poe/valorant atm, lot of other little things like ror2/aram/dbd sometimes)
I watch a lot of documentaries/crime shows/psych shows/streams/sometimes anime. My music taste is really all over the place, but lately it's been kinda super degenerate. If you like emo rap or 100 gecs or listen to small sc artists (glaive alvn p4rkr etc) we'll probably have a lot to talk about : )
I have a psychology degree with a background in math/data programming stuffs. Currently bouncing back and forth between GRE and applying for jobs.
vehemently a cat person
i don't care about the planetary alignment at the time of my birth. i also don't care about a categorical personality test that's dated and gaARBAGEEE (esfj though)
not really looking for anything specific
pictures and references furnished upon request
thank you for reading, and I hope your day/night treats you kindly
submitted by teancats to r4r [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 20:57 plshelpthedog Indian liberals want to support everything Muslim, but that’s not the way to equal rights

That's the title of this May 2019 article by Taslima Nasreen that got posted here today. While I was drafting replies, post got removed for being an old article.
However, while article is old, the accusations remain the same. Since this kind of accusation keeps coming up here, usually from rightwingers, I'm putting up my comments as a new post for review and reuse.

Author seems to have made some implicit wrong assumptions:
  1. That "Indian liberals" are a monolithic hivemind who all think alike and act alike
  2. That Indian liberals advocate atheism for hindus and religion for muslims
  3. That hindu women have equal rights and are empowered by practice of hinduism unlike muslim women who don't have them and are oppressed by practice of islam
  4. That Indian liberals don't support UCC or specific problems like female genital mutilation
  5. That Indian liberals have influence on society
  6. That Indian liberals have persecuted Taslima Nasreen

Assumption 1 : "Indian liberals" are a monolithic hivemind who think and act alike
Wikipedia defines Liberalism this way:
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed and equality before the law. Liberals espouse a wide array of views depending on their understanding of these principles, but they generally support free markets, free trade, limited government, individual rights (including civil rights and human rights), capitalism, democracy, secularism, gender equality, racial equality, internationalism, freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom of religion.

In the context of Indian politics, the phrase "Indian liberals" is a union of not just liberalism but also wider left-wing politics which it defines as:
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy. It typically involves a concern for those in society whom its adherents perceive as disadvantaged relative to others as well as a belief that there are unjustified inequalities that need to be reduced or abolished.

These definitions themselves hint at why Indian liberals take some of the positions we do.

From just these two definitions, you can extract several combinations of beliefs which certainly don't make for a monolithic hivemind.
For example, there are people who are strictly secular and want state out of religion completely. There are also people who believe in freedom of religion and recognize that sometimes that may mean the state has to take some side (for example in some court disputes).

For the rest of my comment, "Indian liberals" refers to union of those who believe in some aspects of liberalism or some aspects of left-wing politics. I'll also include those gullible centrists in this group who believe in some of these aspects and also vote for BJP because they currently believe warnings about their ideology are mere fear mongering but may turn against BJP if those warnings are proven.

Similar range of beliefs exist over religion which I'll come to next....

Assumption 2 : That Indian liberals advocate atheism for hindus and religion for muslims
The second wrong assumption author makes is in assuming that Indian liberals advocate atheism for any group.
For example, she accuses as follows:
Indians Left and liberal intellectuals usually support everything to do with Muslim minorities – their religion, customs, madrassas, mosques, Eid, Muharram, hijab, burqa and sometimes even their right to follow Sharia laws.
Whether it is Muslims expressing a desire for more mosques, or if they insist on blocking thoroughfares for their Friday prayers – the Left and liberals back them up always.

Now this accusation makes sense only if all Indian liberals are a monolithic hivemind of atheists or anti-theists who are practising double standards against hinduism vs islam.
But census says only 0.27% of Indians are atheists. In the absence of any other specific data about liberals, we can only assume the same statistic, that only 0.27% of Indian liberals are atheists.

So the reality is that large numbers of Indian liberals themselves actively practice religion and belief in god. Many themselves participate in public displays of religion and wear religious markers.
You can find plenty of Indian liberals on social media who wish on hindu religious holidays, put up photos celebrating them, burst diwali crackers on roads and don't display any kind of atheist or anti-theist thinking.
They are practising theists with personal belief in religiosity, be it hinduism or islam or christianity or parsi or whatever. It would be hypocrisy then to criticize the same thinking in religious people of any other religions.

Have you ever heard of any campaign or court cases by Indian liberals to

If Indian liberals are guilty of not opposing muslim religious practices, we are equally guilty of not opposing hindu or any other religious practices either. No bias here.
If you accuse Indian liberals of "always backing up" only muslim religious practices, then you should prove that we have "never backed up" hindu religious practices or any other religious practices. No bias here either.

Apart from personal belief in practice of religion, there is also the risk in opposing religion. Denouncing religious practices risks not just harassment by fanatics but criminal prosecution by government for hurting sentiments, imprisonment and possibility losing livelihood.

As I already said Indian liberals are not a monolithic hivemind. Whether the reason is personal belief in religiosity or fear of opposing, one-sided bias for only muslim religious or cultural practices are just not true.

Assumption #3 : That hindu women have equal rights thanks to hinduism
Author does not state it so explicitly. But this is an underlying tone in the article. And it's also the tone in rightwing discourse including some commentators here - that hindu women have equal rights thanks to hinduism's cultural superiority, and muslim women don't thanks to muslim men and Indian liberals.

The reality is that no Indian women of any religion have equal rights as men. Every religious group is practising patriarchy. We all know this from personal experiences and discourse. But below are some actual numbers from different surveys in recent years:
These are certainly not numbers of a society that has solved the problem of equal rights for women.

Author attributes socio-economic status of muslim women to religion. We should be really careful here about how much of it is due to systemic factors and how much due to religion. Sachar report showed how literacy levels of muslims are close to SC/ST communities and that the primary factor affecting socio-economic status is not religious conservatism but class, caste and poverty.

Assumption #4: That Indian liberals don't support UCC or initiatives against female genital mutilation
Author claims:
The practice of triple talaq being declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court has elated the Right-wing fundamentalists, while it has made the liberal class unhappy. While Hindutva supporters clamour for a Uniform Civil Code, liberals are not heard making similar demands. However, the liberals should have been at the forefront of this fight for equal rights.

This accusation too stems from an inability to understand that liberals are not a monolithic hivemind. There is no Indian Liberal Party where all of them register and get registration cards and fight each and every issue as a group.

Instead, there are many many small groups of independent unconnected people taking up different initiatives. Some on women's issues. Some on caste issues. Some on education issues. Some on rights issues. A group working only on caste issues does not imply they don't support women's or rights issues.

Triple talaq reform started long before shah bano or hindutva. Here's Ram Guha writing about muslim liberals like Hamid Dalwai and Sayed Mehboob Shah Qadri who pioneered it in the 70s. In the 00s, groups like Bebaak collective and activists like Shahnaz Shidrat had already organized, created studies and campaigns, and formed pressure groups to get the AIMPLB to abolish it. The SC judgement was the culmination of a decades long struggle by activist groups led by muslim women. Liberals consider these activists as liberals.
Author completely ignores this long history and falsely claims "it has made liberal class unhappy". The unhappiness was against the BJP's additional ordinance and usurping of this struggle motivated solely by their bogeyman of muslim demographic takeover of India and not by any liberal principles.

UCC too has a long history with different activists such as the same Hamid Dalvai and later Arif Mohammad Khan voicing support for it as far back as 1970. The problem with UCC is that its structure has never been thought through nor has any kind of consensus been created. There is also no feeling that such a wide ranging policy is a necessity for any kind of reform when more focussed reforms are easier to reach consensus and bring to courts. BJP's urgency around UCC is solely motivated by the same bogeyman of muslim takeover through polygamy. This article describes problems with UCC well. They will simply label hindu personal laws as UCC and impose it on everybody else which is certainly not what UCC should be nor how it should be arrived at.

Female genital mutilation is still prevalent, to ensure that women find no pleasure in sexual intercourse. They firmly believe sexual pleasure is solely for men. But the Indian liberals conveniently keep forgetting about female genital mutilation. Those who truly want the betterment of the minorities must surely wish for the latter to receive proper education and become self-reliant, that they turn towards a scientific outlook and extricate themselves from the mires of superstitions and religious fundamentalism.
While the ones who believe Muslims should be allowed to mutilate the genitals of young girls and call it culture
It's easy to find both muslim and hindu women activists involved in the reform of this terrible practice. Are they not liberals by their actions and beliefs? Author hasn't done her research and blindly assumes Indian liberals "conveniently keep forgetting" or that any liberals want such practices to continue.
Proper education and self-reliance are also what liberals want in all groups.
The demand for scientific outlook and extricating from superstition OTOH is complicated by the fact that many liberals are religious theists. They cannot easily criticize superstitions of another religion without appearing like hypocrites. So liberals attempt to compromise by navigating carefully. We again reach the original observation - that liberals are not a monolith but author wants them to act like one.
Atheism certainly is a solution to many social problems. I'll address the dilemmas of atheism vs liberals in the final conclusions.

Assumption #5: That Indian liberals have influence on society
Underlying the whole article is an assumption that Indian liberals are influential.
While there is certainly a liberal voice in the national discourse, author is heavily overestimating their influence on social, political or economic policies. If Indian liberals were influential, India would not remain so conservative and never have turned rightwing. At no time in our history after independence has there been any influential progressive group. Perhaps the closest we came was UPA's NAC who thought up and legislated some key progressive laws. But even they came in for a lot of flak.
When even theist liberals lack influence, author is daydreaming by assuming atheist liberalism can succeed. She just doesn't understand the deep role of religion in Indian society. RRM Roy and Vidyasagar succeeded in getting the colonial govt to abolish a few inhuman practices but certainly did not turn an orthodox society into a reformed one.

Assumption #6: That Indian liberals have persecuted Taslima Nasreen
When I speak in favour of the independence and rights of Muslim women, when I call for Muslim men to become more progressive and rise above fundamentalist dogma, the so-called liberal intellectuals who consider themselves well-wishers of Indian Muslims abuse me and label me ‘anti-Muslim’. Does that not make it clear what they want? They want for Muslims to remain consigned in the darkness.
Such people keep trying to stop me from showing Muslims the way towards the light; they want Hindus to find this illumination, but when it comes to the Muslims, they say it is not time yet.
I don't know what abuse incident she's referring to. But she should not mistake some opinions for opinion of all Indian liberals and generalize with so much negativity. Indian liberals don't want muslim men or women to remain "consigned in the darkness". As the history of Indian liberal initiatives above show, there have always been attempts to reform in different ways both directly and indirectly. Author does not know this history and did not bother to research it either. Her own wikipedia page lists the large number of Indian liberals who defended and supported her in India over last 3 decades while she was being persecuted by fanatics.

The last sentence actually exposes a certain arrogance inside the author that she looks at herself as some kind of a Moses leading the poor wretched muslims of India "towards the light" into permanent enlightenment.
The reality is that there have been many many activists before her. And unlike her, they put in actual effort such as organizing people or educating them or taking issues to courts to turn into progressive policies. What really has Taslima done for muslims other than tweeting and writing articles? I looked it up and I can't find any kind of educational or judicial initiative that she's started. It's good that she has good intentions but she should not mistake writing for activism and online fights for obstruction.

Conclusions
Author wishes Indian liberals to act as she'd like them to, to agree with her strictly atheist idea of progressiveness. But Indian liberals are not a monolith. Some individuals may agree but it may be as little as 0.27%. As an atheist, I personally agree that religion is best dumped forever by human society.
But practicising theist liberals will find it very difficult to give up their own faith. Neither hindu society nor muslim society nor even majority of Indian liberals are anywhere near accepting of that level of extreme reform. But it also does not mean the latter are in favour of extreme practices like genital mutilation or fundamentalism as author accuses. Progress has been made incrementally and most likely will continue in that mode very much in the presence of religion for at least a century or more. That's what even RRM Roy and Vidyasagar did for hinduism - they were reformers but very much remained religious.
submitted by plshelpthedog to india [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 20:36 indian_by_heart Do cryptocurrencies have a future in India?

There have been reports that the cabinet is in the final stages of making a law that will comprehensively ban the use and trading of crypto currency in the country, following a judgment by the Supreme Court that held an earlier ban by the government unconstitutional.
This time, all the loopholes that the Supreme Court pointed out will be plugged through legislation so that the new ban can withstand legal challenges in the court.
Indeed, the government has the right and power to ban anything they wish to, although one may disagree with the purpose and intent. However, this news will devastate the Indian crypto and blockchain enthusiasts not only in India but perhaps around the world as one of the largest potential markets are being decisively cut off.
Crypto enthusiasts were excited earlier as the Supreme Court declared the RBI circular banning the trade of virtual currencies as ultra vires of the Constitution of India in March of 2020.
It was actually noted in the judgment that the Centre should pass a law to ban the trading of it so desired.
While the ban looks quite inevitable, sans any last moment intervention from senior political figures in the current ruling dispensation, which seems to be quite difficult though there are supporters of crypto in the ruling party and Indian political system, especially as the government is spending it's political capital in a lot of different critical economic reforms at the moment.
It is not overstatement to say that the decision taken by the Indian government can be regarded as a cataclysmic one and will bury any hopes that Indian crypto startups were left with and the international crypto companies will probably lose the huge Indian user base they had accumulated.
In any case, most Indian crypto startups and blockchain developers have exited India and relocated themselves in more crypto friendly jurisdictions such as Japan, Korea, Malta, Australia, Dubai etc.
Let us now move on to dissecting the Indian crypto story.
What happened so far
In 2016-17, Indians were fascinated by cryptocurrency.
A lot of people were buying and holding crypto and speculating over the same, but there were also tons of blockchain and crypto startups creating innovative products. Some governments were showing a lot of interest in blockchain technology for various reasons, such as for land records. It is quite obvious to anyone familiar with blockchain technology that public blockchains can't really function without virtual currencies of some kind. So there was a lot of optimism in the air about the future of crypto in India.
There was a massive demand for engineers who could do crypto and blockchain products.
It looked like India was emerging as a significant crypto market with a big local market as well as potential global impact. Some crypto exchanges in India raised a lot of funding and were clocking big trading volumes.
However, scammers jumped onto the bandwagon and started to dupe common people in the name of investment opportunity. It turned out that some criminals were using crypto to move money around as well.
Soon the government was all over this, and instead of regulating crypto, decided to nuke it by taking a very conservative stand on the issue.
RBI banning cryptocurrencies
Reserve Bank of India released the circular that hit a nail into the coffin of crypto in India on April 05, 2018. The circular stated that it is banning any form of usage of cryptocurrency or virtual currency and prohibiting its member banks to deal in the trading of virtual currencies.
RBI in its notification gave the reasons for banning:
The use of crypto or virtual currency is not in the public interest due to the ‘risks’ involved in it; and
RBI exercised the ban justifying it as its right to secure the interest of the depositories as well as regulate any non-banking finance company for the public interest. It seemed to suggest that crypto companies are NBFCs by default.
Further, RBI issued a circular on 6 April 2018 in the exercise of the powers conferred by various sections of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949; Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934; and the Payment and Settlements Systems Act, 2007. The title of the said circular is “Prohibition on dealing in Virtual Currencies”. The circular stated the same crux of what has been talked in the above paragraph. It mainly stated that there will be a total ban on trading and dealing in VCs in the country.
This led to a virtual shut down of the flourishing crypto industry in India.
Supreme Court verdict on lifting the ban
SC lifted the ban on virtual currency in March 2020, almost 2 years later, while hearing the case of Internet & Mobile Association of India (“IMAI”). This landmark judgment (“RBI Crypto judgment”) has been penned down by HMJ V. Ramasubramanian. It is a hefty 180-page judgment which was heard by a 3 judge bench of the Apex Court.
By then, almost all crypto work, engineers and platforms had fled India to jurisdictions that allowed them access to the banking system and gave legal legitimacy.
However, a bunch of entrepreneurs and lawyers were fighting to reinstate crypto business in India.
The Apex court took Banning of Cryptocurrency & Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill, 2019 into account. The bill included a fine oand punishment up to 10 years of imprisonment, for engaging in any prohibited activities, such as mining, trading or selling crypto. The bill, however, had introduced the concept of ‘Digital Rupee’. This advancement clearly shows that the government was in favour of virtual currency in some form and didn't want unregulated crypto currency.
Adding to it, the court also took into account “The Crypto-token Regulation Bill of 2018” that has regulations for exchange of cryptocurrency, which reflects an intention to regulate not ban.
The judgement further emphasized that decisions should not be made on imaginary damage, there has to be some concrete data or proof of the harm suffered by the users of VC. If RBI cannot prove any real damage, the crypto ban does not pass the test of doctrine of proportionality. In other words, does the measure justify its object?
The RBI couldn’t show that the use of VC trading was damaging.
After the judgement, there was a loud and clear cheer from the cryptocurrency community in the country. That was, however, pretty short lived.
The RBI made its stand clear that they want to appeal the judgment as they were worried that the whole banking system is at risk.
The Apex Court made sure in stating that even the circular in question was just a statutory direction. As and when the law does pass the parliament regarding crypto, it will have to conform with the doctrine of proportionality.
So it remains to be seen how the government makes the law going forward. Any law banning cryptocurrencies will be challenged in court, and it remains to be seen whether the new law passes the test of proportionality
submitted by indian_by_heart to opentownhall [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 19:20 SirSimpleChoice To My Simple Choice Friends w/a base 2-Paid Line Plan, Let's Save You Another $20 (or more) ;)

Hey All,
SirSimpleChoice here, nerding out as usual to squeeze the most out of our SC plans during these trying times. (Every little bit helps, right?)
Well, this time, I've got one for anyone on a Simple Choice 2-line plan. (Also, with or without free lines... and with or without a paid add-a-line, making it 3 paid lines)
These 2-line base plans would be the following SOC codes:
6SCFM2LN 6SCFMPGF 6SCFMPRM 14CFM2GRA ...and any other Simple Choice variants of a base 2-line plan.
We probably all know about the great SOC NAFUTT4, which is a 4-line 10GB plan for $120+tax. Well.... now I'm comfortable to say that, thanks to a number of users that have already experienced this, that users with LESS THAN 4 PAID LINES on their Simple Choice plan can jump on this plan, and the plan cost adjusts accordingly in YOUR favor.
What does this mean for you?
Well, instead of the first 4 lines of this plan breaking down in the normal $120/10GB Simple Choice sense: $50/$30/$20/$20 It looks like the cost is being split evenly 4 ways: $30/$30/$30/$30.
And since this is NAFUTT4, you can still manually select unlimited w/10GB data on each voice line!
Your MI lines will stay the same, and your free lines (INCLUDING the current one being offered right now) will transfer over and work just fine!
Confused yet? Stay with me a bit longer...
Here's a couple money-saving scenarios:
1) Someone with a 2/line SC plan with 2 paid lines and 2 free lines on the SOC 6SCFM2LN is paying $80+tax, and receives 6GB data on each line.
Moving to NAFUTT4, their new cost would be $60+tax ($30+$30), their new lines would move over just fine, and they could NOW manually switch over to unlimited data on ALL lines w/10GB hotspot!!
2) Someone is on one of the old versions of the 2/$100 +tax unlimited with just 2 paid lines.
Moving to NAFUTT4, their $100+tax bill will now go down to $60+ tax... They could manually select unlimited w/10GB hotspot, and they could now also grab the free line being offered today!
A couple caveats (aren't there ALWAYS caveats?):
A) Gov't/Corp discounts won't work on NAFUTT4... but with some of the cost savings (and the new ability to now be able to get the current free line) it might be better to let the discounts go!
B) I DON'T think this will work for a single line. A single line for $30+tax which includes unlimited data? CAN YOU IMAGINE??? But, unless someone wants to be a guinea pig here and report their findings, I honestly don't think it'll work.... but who knows? (The free line won't work with a single line... a requirement is 2 paid lines to have a free line...)
So, there you have it on this fine Sunday. A way to save $20 (or more) for some of our fine longstanding Simple Choice folks here.
Please report your findings (and be ready to play that game of #RepRoulette.... remember, not all reps are willing to, or know how to access the legacy system to make these changes.) If you encounter someone saying "the only change I can do is to place you on Magenta..." then politely thank them, hang up, and try a bit later.
Good luck, everyone! :) -SirSimpleChoice
submitted by SirSimpleChoice to tmobile [link] [comments]


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